St. Lawrence Lowlands

By: Marko Jandrieski

Introduction

The St. Lawrence lowlands have some of the most extravagant cities as well as exciting attractions that keep tourists in tune year round. One of these attractions is none other than Niagara Falls, the most beautiful and largest waterfalls in Canada, keeps tourists from Canada and around the world coming year round to enjoy the spectacle that is the falls. A combination of the climate, landscape, and other factors have made the Niagara Falls St. Lawrence region an opportune area for successful businesses and tourist attractions alike.   

Physical Region

Climate

Temperature

Average annual temperature: 10°C

Highest Average Annual Temperature: 22.2°C

Lowest Average Annual Temperature: -4.1°C

Temperature Range: 26°C

Precipitation

Total Average Precipitation: 947.7mm

Average Monthly Temperature:79mm

Seasonal Distribution of Precipitation:

       Summer: 496mm

       Winter: 451.7mm

Having more precipitation in summer, as well as having less than 1000mm or rain annually means that the St.Lawrence Lowlands are a continental climate.

The St.Lawrence river regulates the temperature in the area

Landscape

The landscape of the St.Lawrence Lowlands is a result of the last continental glaciation, where glaciers that rolled over these lands flattened out any hills and made the landscape the way it is today; very flat plains. The soil in the lowlands is also very rich due to glacial deposits of nutrients, making the St.Lawrence Lowlands a till and till plains.

Rock Types

Sedimentary is the main rock type of the St.Lawrence Lowlands, sedimentary rock types are formed when bits of pieces of rock are eroded by wind and water and washed downstream, where they then settle at the bottom of the body of water. Over time these rock bits are pressed down more and more until they become sedimentary. This is possible with the abundance of bodies of water found in the Great Lakes St.Lawrence Lowlands region, making the primary rock type, sedimentary.

Vegetation

Fertile soil allows for a diverse range of vegetation to be able to grow in the St.Lawrence Lowlands, many coniferous and deciduous trees grow here like oak, maple, pine, spruce and walnut trees, as well as different plant life. The fertile soil leading to to wide range of vegetation all connects back to the continental glaciers that occupied that area thousands of years ago, the glaciers truly shaped the way Canada and the St.Lawrence Lowlands are today.

Human Activities

Niagara Falls is the most popular attraction to be seen in this land form region, the immense size and beauty attracts people from around the world to see the majestic and powerful Niagara Falls, as well as the activities the comes coupled with them. Apart from the sights, Niagara Falls has many restaurants and rides that creates a lot of income from the tourists that come, not to mention the boat that takes you down to see the falls in person (one of the main attractions at Niagara Falls.) There's always plenty to do there that the activities and enjoyment never ends.

Climate Change

The warming of the climate in North America and the St.Lawrence Lowlands makes Niagara Falls a more enjoyable place. Warmer climate means that there are longer summers (meaning shorter winters) which means a longer season for people to come and enjoy the falls. During the winter the falls are frozen and the rides are close bringing profits almost to a halt, so having more on season time means more time for people to come and spend their money. Climate change has many pro and cons, but when it comes to to attraction that is Niagara Falls there are mostly pros.

Natural Disasters

The Great Lakes St.Lawrence Lowlands aren't prone to many natural disasters but that doesn't mean that there aren't any at all (as any region around the world isn't safe from the occurrence of a natural disaster) one of the most recent examples of this is the flood that took place in the greater Toronto area during the summer of 2013. The flooding was caused when two separate storm cells settled over the area at the same time, making for plenty of precipitation to fall causing the flood that many say is one of the most expensive natural disasters that took place in Ontario.

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