The European Takeover:
The Dutch Conquest Of Java
The Dutch first landed on Java, an island that makes up the many of Indonesia, in the early 1600's. They established their headquarters at Batavia on the northwest coast of the island in 1619. At the beginning of the Dutch's settlement in Java they weren't very prosperous, but were quite cozy and became vassals and paid tribute to the rulers of the Mataram who controlled most of Java.
After the Dutch settled in, around the 1670s they started to turn their attention to the spices being made on other Indonesian islands. The Dutch wanted to control over the spices for commerce and they went about making it happen. When succession wars would occur between the princes of Mataram, the Dutch would intervene and support the winners. In exchange for Dutch aid the princes would grant them control over pieces of land around Batavia. This went on until the mid-1700s and by this time the Mataram only controlled the south central portion of the island. In 1750 a Mataram sultan tried to gain back control over Java but failed, leading to the Dutch's complete control over the island of Java.