Archeology Today

By: Bárbara Marques 6A

Kush 1600 - 1100 B.C.E.

Several time Egypt raided Kush or took control of parts of its territory. During the New Kingdom (1600 - 1100 B.C.E.), Egypt's power was at its height. Egypt used its power to conquer Kush. It is show in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Kush was forced to pay tribute to Egypt in the form of gifts.

Kush 730 - 650 B.C. E.

After the collapse of the New Kingdom, Egypt fell into political chaos. Kushite armies invaded Egypt. It is show in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Egyptian royalty bowing and offering gifts to King Piye. In the past, Kush had been forced to pay tribute to Egypt. Now Egypt had to pay tribute to Kush.

Kush 590-410 B.C.E.

About 590 B.C.E., Egypt invaded Kush and destroyed its capital city. The kushites decided to make Meroe their new capital, Napata. Traders used the Nile, the Red Sea, and overland routes to transport their goods. These routes all took them through Kush. Kushites traded with many lands. Some, like other African kingdoms and Arabia, were nearby. They also traded with such distand lands as Rome (on the peninsula of Italy), India and possible even China.

Figure 3: Kushites used iron to make many useful obejcts. Here we see Kushite ironworkers crafting spearheads.

Kush B.C.C. - 350 C.E.

One of the greatest Kandakes was Queen Amanirenas. She defended Kush against the powerful Romans in 24 B.C.E.

Figure 4: Amanirenas and her son, Akinidad, watch a Roman fort burn. Amanirenas fought side by side with her soliders, even losing an eye in a battle.

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