Sickle Cell Anemia
Garrett Vogelbach and Matt Brasseur
Sickle Cell Anemia is the most common form of Sickle Cell Disease. It is when red blood cells are abnormally shaped.
Causes and Symptoms
This disease is present at birth but symptoms do not start until the age of 4 months. The most common signs are anemia and pain throughout the body. Some symptoms do include: jaundice, headaches, dizziness, and coldness in the hands and the feet.
Sickle Cell Anemia is caused by an inherited gene. That gene is called a sickle hemoglobin which is passed down from each parent.
SCD affects one out of every five hundred African Americans and one out of every thirty-six thousand Hispanic-Americans.
The disease cannot be prevented because it is an inherited.
SCD has complications such as Acute Chest Syndrome, Pulmonary Hypertension, Stroke, and Ulcers on the leg.
SCD cannot be treated but the complications have their own treatments. Dialysis, kidney transplants, and surgery for eye problems.
"Data & Statistics." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
"Sickle Cell Disease." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Robin Miller. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Sept. 2012. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.
"What Causes Sickle Cell Anemia?" - NHLBI, NIH. NIH, 28 Sept. 2012. Web. 04 Mar. 2015.