World Religion: Islam
By: Erin Huber
It started in about 570 C.E.
Islams pray at least five times a day.
Muhammad was the founder of the Islam religion.
Islams pray towards the holiest city,Mecca.
Besides the five basic beliefs, Muslims also have five pillars or observances that follow as part of their faith. They are:
- The creed or statement of belief: “There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is the prophet of Allah.”
- The ritual prayers performed five times a day facing Mecca.
- Alms giving, offering 1/40 of their income for the needy.
- Their observance of Ramadan where they fast during the daylight hours.
- Their pilgrimage to Mecca required of all Muslims before death.
The Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. The Prophet Muhammad received The Word of Allah (revelation), through the archangel Gabriel. This revelation comprises the Religion of Islam
The holiest city is Mecca.
The holy book is the Koran and it beliefs to focus on the religion more, not Muhammad.
The star and crescent is the main symbol.
The praying in a temple.
Muslims have two major religious observances each year, Ramadan and Hajj, and corresponding holidays connected with each one. All Islamic holidays are observed according to the lunar-based Islamic calendar.
Muslims usually bring a rug around with them to pray on.
Islam has a world-following in excess of one billion devotees, about 20% are in the Middle East, with the largest concentration of Muslims in Indonesia. There are over 4 million Muslims living in America, which means that there are about twice as many Muslims in the US as Episcopalians! There has been an active Muslim contingent in North America for over 300 years, since the time the religion arrived with West African slaves.