How a Bill becomes a Law
Every Bill starts with an idea. An idea is submitted by private citizens, the White House, or Special Interest groups(aka Interest groups)
The Idea is then introduced to Congress by a senator or Representative. After being introduced, the bill is sent to a standing committee relating to that issue.
The Committee can then act 1 of 5 ways.
1. Pass the Bill
2. Mark up the bill with changes and suggest that it be passed
3. replace the original bill with a new bill
4. Ignore the bill and let it die (pigeonholing)
5. Kill the bill outright by majority vote
In the House, the Rules Committee sets up terms for debate. In the Senate, the senators can speak as long as they wish which is referred to as filibustering.
When the bull reaches the floor of the House or Senate, the member argue their pros and cons and discuss amendments.
After a bill is approves by the HOR or Senate, it goes to the President.
The President can then do one of 3 things.
1. The President can sign the bill and declare it a new law.
2. The President may veto or refuse to sign the bill.
3. The president may also do nothing for ten days.
There is another option. If congress is in session, the bill becomes a law without the president's signature.