ADHD, Behavioral, and Emotional Disorders

Jacie Gorges

ADHD

What exactly is ADHD?

ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a disorder that affects the child's ability to pay attention and stay focused on tasks for sustained amounts of time. This disorder is one of the most common mental disorders among children, and two to three more boys than girls are affected. Many children are unable to sit still, finish tasks, plan ahead, or even be aware what is going on around them.

Core Signs:Being distracted, hyperactive, inattentive, and impulsive  

Symptoms:

  • Constantly fidgets and squirms
  • Often leaves his or her seat in situations where sitting quietly is expected
  • Moves around constantly, often runs or climbs inappropriately
  • Talks excessively
  • Has difficulty playing quietly or relaxing
  • Is always “on the go,” as if driven by a motor
  • May have a quick temper or a “short fuse”

Treatment Options: Medication, therapy, support, exercise and educational options

Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

What are emotional and behavioral disorder?

Those who have these types of disorders might experience:

  1. Inappropriate behavior or feelings for circumstances
  2. Development of physical symptoms or fears with personal or school problems
  3. Is unresponsive to direct intervention in general education or the child’s condition is such that general education interventions would be insufficient
  4. Is more that a temporary expected response to stressful events in the environment
  5. Inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or health factors.

Statistics:

  • BIOLOGICAL FACTORS: 20 to 60 percent of kids with ED have at least one parent who also suffered from such a disorder. Also, brain injury could be the cause. For example children with mothers who abused drugs or alcohol.
  • Far more males than females are diagnosed. This could be due to the observance of behaviors seen to be more disturbing in boys that the same behavior in girls.
  • It is the 4th largest disability category under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Some examples of these disorders are:

  • anxiety disorders;
  • bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic-depression);
  • conduct disorders;
  • eating disorders;
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); and
  • psychotic disorders.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

When teaching students with disorders, I should...

1. Always be motivational

2. Show positive behavior

3. Treat all students fairly

4. Evaluate the students weaknesses and strengths

5. Encourage students

6. Build student interest

7. Engage students and teach in a lively manner

8. Make lesson objectives clear

9. Don't have things in the classroom that can draw attention or cause a distractions

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