Sickle Cell Anemia
What is it? Sickle cell anemia is a inherited blood disorder that effects the red blood cells.
What causes this disorder? Sickle cell anemia is hereditary and is a life long disorder. If you happen to have this disorder you have had it since birth. In order for a child to inherit this disorder it has to be carried by BOTH parents.
Symptoms of this disorder are sickle or crescent shaped red blood cells, pain in the limbs and organs, block of blood flow, dark urine, yellow eyes, painful swelling, strokes, and stunted growth.
Diagnostic tests: There is currently not a cure for this disease, but there are treatments that can help the complications that go with it. The treatments start early in life, as a newborn. Treatments for the complications include pain management, antibiotics, intravenous fluids, and surgery.
Incidence- 70,000-100,000 people in the world get this disorder. The most common people to get this disease are African Americas. It occurs in 1 out of every 500 African Americans.
How can this disorder be prevented? If you are planning to have a child and both of the parents have sickle cell anemia or a trait of it, it is not a good idea to have a child because they will be more likely to have this disorder when they are born.
Risk Factors and complications- Strokes if the sickle cell has blocked blood from in the brain, major chest pains due to blockage of blood flow in the lungs or infection from the sickle cell, high blood pressure, organ damage, blindness, skin ulcers, and gallstones.