Elements of Wellness
The 5 elements of wellness are physical, emotional, social, metal, and spiritual.
- Physical- maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly
- Emotional- be optimistic, cope with stress, and enjoy life
- Mental- learn from life experiences and use creativity to solve problems
- Social- affection, communication, honesty, interaction with others, loyalty
- Spiritual- believe in a higher authority, practice religious beliefs
Practices that Promote Wellness
Practices that promote wellness are good nutrition, physical activity, health screenings and examinations, and stress management.
- Good nutrition provides heat, promotes growth, repairs tissue, and regulates body processes.
- Good nutrition also aids in resistances to illness and weight management.
- Physical activity increases fitness level, can help prevent chronic illness, and helps control abnormal cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity.
- Physical activity also builds healthy bones, muscles, and joints, and helps psychologically.
- Health screenings and examinations include: blood tests, blood pressure, colonoscopy, dental screenings, papanicolaou stain, mammograms, prostate examination, vision screening.
- Stress can be caused by any change whether it's good or bad.
- Stress management can include avoiding stress, altering stress, accepting stress, and adapting to stress.
- Stress management should also include making time for fun and relaxation and adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Risk Factors That Affect Wellness
- Drug, alcohol, and tobacco abuse
- Irresponsible sexual behavior
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Exposure to lead
- Exposure to carcinogens
- Birth defects
- Family history
Complimentary and Alternative Medicine
- Manipulation of the spine, other joints, and soft tissues
- Treatment also includes exercise and health and lifestyle counseling
- Traditional or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and their extracts.
- Most commonly used complimentary and alternative medicine except for prayer.
- Standardization of purity and dosage is not mandated in the U.S.
- Manipulation of superficial layers of tissue to enhance function and promote relaxation
- Involves acting on and manipulating the body with pressure, tension, motion, vibration.
- Use based on client demand
- Any process that helps a person to relax
- Includes formal and passive exercises, movement-based exercises, combination of exercise methods.