Elements of Wellness

The 5 elements of wellness are physical, emotional, social, metal, and spiritual.

  • Physical- maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly
  • Emotional- be optimistic, cope with stress, and enjoy life
  • Mental- learn from life experiences and use creativity to solve problems
  • Social- affection, communication, honesty, interaction with others, loyalty
  • Spiritual- believe in a higher authority, practice religious beliefs

Practices that Promote Wellness

Practices that promote wellness are good nutrition, physical activity, health screenings and examinations, and stress management.

  • Good nutrition provides heat, promotes growth, repairs tissue, and regulates body processes.
  • Good nutrition also aids in resistances to illness and weight management.
  • Physical activity increases fitness level, can help prevent chronic illness, and helps control abnormal cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity.
  • Physical activity also builds healthy bones, muscles, and joints, and helps psychologically.
  • Health screenings and examinations include: blood tests, blood pressure, colonoscopy, dental screenings, papanicolaou stain, mammograms, prostate examination, vision screening.
  • Stress can be caused by any change whether it's good or bad.
  • Stress management can include avoiding stress, altering stress, accepting stress, and adapting to stress.
  • Stress management should also include making time for fun and relaxation and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Risk Factors That Affect Wellness

Self-destructive Behavior

  • Drug, alcohol, and tobacco abuse
  • Irresponsible sexual behavior
  • Physical inactivity
  • Unhealthy eating habits


  • Exposure to lead
  • Exposure to carcinogens
  • Sanitation


  • Birth defects
  • Family history

Complimentary and Alternative Medicine


  • Manipulation of the spine, other joints, and soft tissues
  • Treatment also includes exercise and health and lifestyle counseling

Herbal Remedies

  • Traditional or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and their extracts.
  • Most commonly used complimentary and alternative medicine except for prayer.
  • Standardization of purity and dosage is not mandated in the U.S.

Massage Therapy

  • Manipulation of superficial layers of tissue to enhance function and promote relaxation
  • Involves acting on and manipulating the body with pressure, tension, motion, vibration.
  • Use based on client demand

Relaxation Technique

  • Any process that helps a person to relax
  • Includes formal and passive exercises, movement-based exercises, combination of exercise methods.

Comment Stream