Rebuild Athens Project
By: Marcus Myvett 5th Hour
Philosophy! Science! Architecture! Math! Sports! These are just some of the things Athens has to offer these days, so come down to Athens to get all of these and more. I'll explain why you should in more detail.
Here in Athens, we talk about nature's secrets and try to uncover them, and we trade our ideas about how it works. We call this thinking Philosophy, which means "Love of wisdom." One of our greatest philosopher's was Socrates. He loved to ask questions and encouraged people to do the same. He taught people by asking questions about their beliefs and those who listened thought hard about their beliefs. But, his questioning and thoughts got him into trouble. Socrates's enemies accused him of not honoring the Greek Gods and leading the young people to not being loyal and error. Socrates was tried and sent to jail for a lifetime in prison. His friends encouraged him to escape, but Socrates stuck with his beliefs, followed and respected the law, and stayed in prison. He eventually died of drinking hemlock poison. The impact philosophy has on us today is that we got our form of government from philosophy. If we didn't have that, our world today would be a mess. If your a philosopher, come on down to Athens to have the time of your life.
OK, so maybe where you are, there's Tyranny or Oligarchy, but here in Athens, it's all Democracy. Everyone here (except for you ladies and slaves, of course) can debate laws and argue for change over them. So, that's all for Philosophy. Next up, Science!
For centuries, we Greeks believed that the cause of sickness or health was a curse or blessing from the Gods. We didn't know that sickness and healing was from natural causes. Hippocrates changed all of that. Hippocrates, sometimes called the father of medicine, brought in a scientific way of thinking as his work as a doctor. Hippocrates believed that sickness wasn't caused by the gods, but naturally. He taught his students to study the body and write down observations often. The impact Greek science has on us today is that if you want to become a doctor, you would have to take the Hippocratic oath, in honor to Hippocrates. The Hippocratic oath is an oath where you treat all your patients fairly and not spreading patients problems, but keeping it to yourself. So come down to Athens to see modern medicine yourself.
Next up, we have Architecture!
Architecture comes from a Greek word that means "Master Builder." Temples are good examples of the Greeks masterpieces. Tall, imposing Temples were believed to hold the gods and goddesses. The Parthenon was supposed to hold the Greek Goddesses, Athena, the goddesses of war and wisdom. That's how Athens got it's namesake. Greeks used three different types of columns, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric is the most easy to build. It's thick at the bottom, it stands on no base, and it get's thinner towards the top. The Ionic column is thinner, it stands on it's own base, and has a fancy design at the top. The Corinthian column is the hardest and most complex to build, with a fancy leaf design engraved at the top. Three temples, such as The Parthenon, were built on the Acropolis, the center of Athens. Greek styles are still used today. The impact the Greeks architecture has on us today is that a lot of government buildings have columns like the Greeks, like the White House. They left behind some beautiful buildings, too. Come to Athens to see these marvels!
The Greeks loved sports. They also loved to see men and boys with fit, healthy, and strong looking bodies. They had them train for the games, an important time in Greece. In Athens, they trained for the Panathenaic games, in honor of Athena. Yeah, they loved the sports, the fighting, but most of all, they loved the parade. They were big, and colorful, so maybe that's why they love it so much. The games consisted of foot racing in full battle armor, jumping on and off a moving chariot, and combat sports like boxing and wrestling. One event in the games was called the Pancratium. It was a wrestling, but it was a full on, no rules type of wrestling. Men were allowed to punch, kick and choke the other opponent until they died, surrendered, or passed out. Another set of games was played in Olympia, called the Olympic Games. In honor of Zeus, there was a truce between all city-states so athletes could travel safely to the games. The impact that Greek games had on us today is that the Greeks held the Olympics, and we used it, so without it, life would not be the same. So come to Athens to see this fight, this duel, this. . . oh, just go to the next one.
While the Greeks loved Architecture and other stuff, they also enjoyed Theater. From funny comedies to sad tragedies, they loved it all, and performed it well. They always went to the Theater of Dionysus, which could hold thousands of people. No female actors were allowed to perform, just men, who played every single part. That was one reason they wore masks. Some had sad faces, while others had happy faces. Theater was also a competition. If you had the best play, the director were given wine, figs and a leaf crown. The way Greek theater has influenced on us is that we used their idea of making theaters that can seat hundreds of people. Next up, math!
The Greeks loved to reason and liked looking for logical answers to anything. Greek scientist found these answers in math. One of these scientists was Pythagoras. He believed that numbers were the key to understanding nature. He started a school for students to develop mathematical theories. Like many Greeks, Pythagoras was especially fascinated by geometry. Geometry comes from a Greek word that means “to measure land.” Geometry began as a system for measuring areas of land. The ancient Egyptians also could measure shapes and spaces, but the Greeks created new and improved methods. Using geometry, they could figure out how much seed to buy for a field or how to lay out a city. Another famous Greek mathematician was Elucid. His geometry textbook became the basis for the teaching of geometry for more than 2,000 years. Greek culture produced the first women to earn fame as a mathematician, Hypatia. Born in Egypt in about 370 C.E., she taught Greek philosophy and mathematics in the city of Alexandria. The Greeks influenced us by giving us geometry. If geometry didn't exist, then lots of people wouldn't be famous.
In Conclusion. . .
In conclusion, the Greeks influenced us a lot with their abilities. Thanks Greeks! So come down to Athens to see all of this, and more!