by Marco C.


Nelson Mandela was born in Mvezo on 18th July 1918. He was a South-African politician , the first president after the end of the apartheid .In 1993 he received the Peace Nobel Prize with the ex-president Frederik Willem de Klerk.

Nelson began to work for the freedom of his people in 1941 , when he was 23 . With his cousin he moved on to Johannesburg to study at University .

He studied law. In 1942 he collaborated with  the African National Congress and two years later he founded the young's association Youth League.


The apartheid was the political of the racial segregation. It was institued by the Southafrican white government in 1976. The founders of the apartheid were Daniel Malan ,Johannes Strjidom and Hendrik Verwoerd.

The apartheid consisted in the separation of the white from the black people in the pubblic istitutions for example in schools, at  stations, in public offices. They created the banthustan, which were independent districts.

During the Second War World , some Afrikaner nazis theorized the apartheid project . The apartheid was the possibity for the racial groups to grow up their sociality with their traditions .

The black people were deprived of the political and civil rights. They could attend only the agricultural and commercial schools.In the shops helped white people were served before the black.

The apartheid finished when Mandela was released in 1990 after 27 years of prison .

In 1994 the ANC won the elections and Nelson Mandela was appointed  President of South Africa .

Mandela was the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. After his political office he continued  his commitments for the social, civil and human rights.

He received honors from Queen Elizabeth II of England and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George Bush.

On 27th July 2008 in London, at Hyde Park, a big concert was organised to honor  his 90th birthday  and his commintments againts racism and the AIDS . Nelson Mandela was welcomed to the international stars who sang at the concert.

The concert was called 46664, which was the numer written on his blouse when he was in prison.

On 18th July 2009 the biggest names of the showbusiness, of the political and the cultural world dedicated him at The Radio City Music Hall of New York (USA) a fantastic tribute called Mandela Day for his 91st birthday .

Mandela died on 5th December 2013 in his Johannesburg's home. He was 95 years old.

Five days later, at the Fbn Stadium of Johannesburg, a pubblic commemoration was held at which the most important leaders of the world participated.

In 2012 the Italian composer Giovanni Allevi tributed a music piece called Mandela in his album Sunrise .

Thanks to the ReadOn Project I now know more about an important personality of the world, who fought in his life for freedom, humanity and peace for the world. Thank you!