Inferences: An educated guess made through certain observations.
2.) A man who is in his car with a golf bag is probably going to the golf course. The golf bag is used for carrying golf equipment so he is probably heading to the golf course with it.
3.) A kid is yawning in a class. We can infer that he is bored or tired. This is because yawning is a sign of being tired.
We can infer that these lions are hungry. We can infer this because the lions are pawing at the cage and trying to get to the humans.