Exploring America

This new discovery will change the world we know and the people among us. This webpage is to show the people, events, and locations that all have to do with the new world.
By: Anna Mancil, American History, 7th Period

Map of the World

Top Ten List

#10- Incas: The Incas were located in South America in 1200 CE - 1572 CE. It was a very large civilization. At its largest, the population was over 9 million and stretched across over 3000 miles of land. In 1572 they were conquered by Spain. The incas made roads that connected the cities. Religious Ceremonies were practiced at Machu Picchu in the Andes Mountains. The Incas were conquered by Pizarro.

#9- Mayan: The Mayans were a  civilization that were located in Mexico (Yucatan peninsula) and Central America in the time period of 300 CE - 1100 CE. Developed the well-known 365 day calendar. The Calendar was based on astronomy. The Mayan practiced a form of Government called Theocracy. A Theocracy is when a religious leader rules in the name of God or gods. By 1100 CE all the Mayan Cities were abandoned.

#8- Aztec: The Aztecs were the most powerful mesoamerican civilization. They lived in modern day Mexico and Central America. They lived in the time period of 1325 CE - 1521 CE. The Aztec's capital was Tenochtitlan. Their army conquered most of Central America, but in 1521 they were conquered by the Spanish. Just like the Mayans, they had a Theocracy. Aztec"s believed they had to Sacrifice Humans to please the gods.

#7- Olmec: Was a native civilization that was located in modern day Mexico, in the time period of 1500 BCE-300 BCE. The Olmecs were the first mesoamerican civilization. The grew Maize also known as corn. They were known for their large stone carvings that represented Rulers or Athletes.

#6- Amerigo Vespucci: Vespucci arrived on Brazil in 1502. Like Columbus he was trying to explore new worlds and places. America was named in his honor.

#5- Cortes: Hernan Cortes was a conquistador, who traveled to Tenochtitlan the capital of the Aztec Civilization. Cortes and his army gained the trust of the Montezuma and then betrayed them. They enslaved the Aztecs, took valuables,and turned the civilization to ruins.

#4- French and Indian War: French and Indian War began in 1754. The french and Native Americans allied together to fight against the British. The British soldiers were called regulars. The war was to see who would claim the Ohio Valley. Quebec City was the Capital of New France and supposedly unconquerable. On night the British did a surprise attack and capture Quebec City. England claimed control over the Ohio Valley in the end. Royal Proclamation of 1763 was the agreement that said England could not claim land west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British would now have to tax the colonies to repay the debt of the war. That caused a lot of uprisings.

#3- Migrations across the Bering Straight: Was a land bridge that created a passage from Asia to Alaska, during the Ice Age.

#2- Jamestown: The Virginia Company was a stock company who moved to America looking to make money. In 1607 Jamestown was founded. It is located along the James River. It was very hard for the Colonists to get used to working so much. They could no longer be gentlemen, they had to get down and dirty. A lot of Colonists died due to starvation and diseases. They were located near the Powhatan Tribe. Jamestown formed a form of Democracy, which is when people run themselves with no absolute ruler or king. Later the Company became a royal colony.

#1- Christopher Columbus: Sailed from Europe west to the Americas. His reason for sailing was to find a shortcut or a passage to Asia. By mistake Columbus sailed to the Bahamas in 1492, he believed that it was Asia.



#1 1492 - Columbus arrived in the Bahamas.

#2 1521 - Cortes conquers and enslaves Montezuma and the Aztecs.

#3 1532 - Pizarro Conquered the Incas and killed their ruler.

#4 1607 - Jamestown was settled.

#5 1619 - The House of Burgess sets up  a representative government.

#6 1620 - The Mayflower sailed off with 102 passengers.

#7 1624 - The Virginia Company's Charter expired and Jamestown became a Royal Colony.

#8 1754 - The French and Indian War began

#9 1775 - The population was 2,500,000.

#10 1763 - King George III signed The Royal Proclamation.

Cortes conquers and enslaves Montezuma and the Aztecs.

Biographical Summary

     Hernán Cortes also known as Hernando Cortes was a mighty Spanish Conquistador. He Conquered many lands. Cortes was most known for the conquering of Montezuma and the Aztecs. Searching for Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), in 1504. Later on, in 1511, along with Velázquez, traveled north to Cuba. In 1518, Cortes wanted to explore Mexico, Velázquez felt that Cortes was not trust worthy so at the last minute he canceled Cortes' journey. Cortes did not heed Velázquez, so he went on the journey to Mexico. The Aztecs were the most powerful mesoamerican of the all the civilization. They were located in Mexico and Central America. The Aztec's tribe was led by Montezuma. It took three months for Cortes to arrive in Mexico. The Aztecs admired the new Spanish men. They had fancy armor, new weapons, and unknown animals. Cortes gained the trust of the Aztecs and then snapped. He was a murderer. He took Montezuma captive and enslaved their people. They ended up stoning Montezuma. Cortes later became New Spain's Governor and General Captain, in 1523. In 1547, Cortes died in December.

Hernán Cortes

Newspaper Article

The Settlement of Jamestown


        The Latest news is on the Virginia Company and their journey to the new world. The Virginia Company is a stock company who is starting an expedition to make money and get their own taste of the wealth of America. If you have not been reading the Local Times, America is mistake that turned out to be the greatest discovery in the world. Columbus sailed the ocean blue in1492. His intension was to find a shortcut and trade route to Asia. Ok now that we have you caught up, in this year King James I granted them a charter to travel to America. The Virginia Company's voyage took about four to six months. Upon the ship was about seventy five to one hundred passengers and arrived on Roanoke Island. All the hard work and the different environment is shocking all of the settlers. Most of the settlers, are "gentlemen" or more commonly known as "little prissy boys." BUT WAIT, they are running out of food and going to starve. They can't provide off of this unfamiliar land. Thats all for this week, check back with us on Monday and we will give you the latest update. Ta-Ta for now!

The Voyage to Jamestown


          A friend, a leader, an explorer, a man of leadership and of courage, Christopher Columbus was a man among men.  Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 and passed away in 1506. Born in Genoa, Italy and he was son to Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa. He was married to a woman named Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and had 2 children. While Columbus was trying to find a trade route to Asia, he stumbled across America. Such a huge mistake turned out to be a great discovery when in 1492, Columbus sailed into the Bahamas.  Columbus challenged the thought that the earth was flat, as he thought it to be a sphere.  He used his knowledge of currents to help him navigate to the new world.  His men settled first in the islands of Hispaniola and Cuba.  Columbus opened up the Americas for European settlement. So all men should be grateful.

Christopher Columbus



Recipe and results

*Halved from the original. We also used a baking scale for this one, but we’ve included approximate volume measurements.

1/2 lb sugar (1c)
3/4 lb flour (2 3/4 c)
1 t caraway seeds
1/2 t coriander seeds
1/2 lb butter, melted (2 sticks or 16 T)
1 t rosewater
2 egg yolks, beaten
1/8 lb. ground almonds (generous 1/2 c)

Preheat oven to 350F.

Mix flour, sugar, and spices in the bowl of a stand mixer (or a large bowl if mixing by hand). Add melted butter, rosewater, egg yolks, and ground almonds and mix until a uniform dough forms.

Place dough on a lightly floured surface and shape into cookies. We did this by rolling the dough into a log and slicing 1/4 inch cookies, but there are many other ways to shape this kind of dough.

Bake 20 minutes or until brown around the edges. Cool on a rack before devouring, if you have the willpower.


They don’t look like much when you lift them onto the cooling rack (does shortbread ever look impressive?). But the aroma of spice and sweet gives it all away.

Jumballs are truly delicious. Their balance of nut and spice, fragrance and buttery texture is divine. They’d hold their own in a spread of cookies. We’ve since learned that they pair well with Italian Cheese, but we suspected from the beginning that they would complement vanilla ice cream, custard, fresh fruit, or a simple cup of tea.

When we shared these with unsuspecting friends they were bowled-over by the surprising and delightful presence of coriander. And their first guess was that we’d found the recipe on one of the latest trendy food blogs, not through this archival project. We’ll be making these again.


By the Numbers

102- The Numbers of passengers aboard the Mayflower.

2,500,000- The population in 1775

100- Is the number of years until the Constitution occurs after the House of Burgesses.

22- Number of members of the The House of Burgesses.

35- The number of Pilgrims on the Mayflower, out of 102 passengers.

13- Represents how many colonies there where in America.

1,000,000- people who migrated to America.

12 Million- Number of Slaves who were brought to America.

50,000- Number of French people in America.

365- Is the number of days in the Mayan Calendar.

Mayan Calander


The Columbian Exchange

      During the Columbian Exchange, the desire for new and exotic foods and animals became increasingly popular.  Goods and animals were brought from one native land to another geographically separate land.  This process improved many of the foods and goods used by the individuals to whom these items were new.  Peoples diets became more rich and diverse.  Some people had improved diet because they improved their nutrition, but others ate more of the things that are not as good for you and became less healthy.  Peoples uses of alcohol, drugs, sugar and coffee increased as the distance between continents became much closer.  The affect of the Columbian Exchange also had a negative impact on the New World.  It introduced new diseases and pests and in the process, many people and animals were killed from exposure to these new or different lifeforms.    The result of the exchange changed both geographic regions forever from a a study of life standpoint.

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