Impact of Smoking on the U.S.

Tobacco Basics

Effects of Smoking

1) Can make a person’s asthma worse. 2) Reduced physical fitness  3) Vision problems like cataracts  4) Lose sense of smell and taste  5) Increased risk for cancers like lung cancer, esophagus, pancreas, etc.  6) More likely to use alcohol and illegal drugs 7) More likely to show acts of aggression (like fighting, carrying weapons, etc.)  cite: Diseases that can result from smoking: COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It’s used to describe damage resulting in airflow restriction. It consists of two conditions: Chronic bronchitis and emphysema.                                                Chronic bronchitis: a chronic inflammatory condition in the lungs that causes the respiratory passages to be swollen and irritated, increases the mucus production and damages the lungs.

                                   Emphysema: The walls between the tiny grape-shaped air sacs or alveoli are damaged and break down. They then form into much larger airspaces and there is less surface for gas exchange, so oxygen intake is less and the person feels breathless.


Smoking stats:

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Extra credit: ecigarettes don’t have as many toxic ingredients as tobacco based cigarettes, because  they simply break down nicotine in a chamber in the battery powered “cigarette”. But it still gets people addicted. Some views by experts: 1) Since they come in different flavors, and anyone can buy them, younger people may be tempted to try them. They may be safer, but it will still get the teenagers addicted to nicotine. 2) Most cartridges leaked onto people’s hands and all were defective in some way. Unsubstantiated health claims were found on many of the company websites and print materials. One says they put vitamins in their e-cigarettes. 3) The researchers also found evidence that vaping reduces cravings among smokers, not just for nicotine but also for the need to hold something in their hands and put something in their mouths -- making the devices more appealing to them than patches or gum.

2nd Hand Smoking

Second-hand smoke: Environmental tobacco smoke that is inhaled involuntarily or passively by someone who is not smoking.

Children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of secondhand smoke because they are still developing physically, have higher breathing rates than adults, and have little control over their indoor environments.

  • Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemical compounds. More than 250 of these chemicals are known to be harmful
  • SHS has been linked to lung cancer
  • IARC reported in 2009 that parents who smoked before and during pregnancy were more likely to have a child with hepatoblastoma

Addictive Potential

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