مرحبا بكم في اليمن

Translation : Welcome to Yemen                                          By: Ethan Zech

Country basics

Let's learn about the basics of Yemen. Yemen's full name is the Republic of Yemen, and it's capital city is Sanaa. People speak Arabic, it's in the middle east, the population is about 25,797,109, and it's bordered by the Arabian sea, Oman, and Saudi Arabia.

Flag

Each line of the flag represents something, the black represents oppression, the red, overcome through bloody struggle, and the white, to be replaced by a bright future. This flag is  similar to other Arabic country's like Egypt, Syria, and Iraq. They all have the same flag, but with a different symbol in the white line.

Geography

Yemen is located in the middle east, bordered by Oman, Saudi Arabia, the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the Red Sea. It has 527,968 sq km of land, and has coastal plains, flat topped hills, rugged mountains, and desert plains.

Land marks

Yemen has many landmarks, for example Yemen has The Ancient Tombs, close to Sanaa, these are many ancient tombs that have been discovered, and are most likely the oldest landmark in Yemen. Al-Saleh Mosque, in Sanaa, is a very popular and historic sight. You can see amazing Yemeni architectural style, including not only four 160 meter-tall minarets and two smaller minarets, but four huge domes as well. Finally we have  the very popular Al-Qahira Castle, again in Sanaa. This is an amazing fortress that is a must see in Yemen.

Culture

Culture, culture, and more culture! Like every country, this one's filled with lots of culture! Like most country's in the middle east, a common Yemeni wears a thob or shiwal over their head, and women wear a black cloak. Their are 4 holidays in Yemen, they have Labour day, on may 1st, Unity day, the day north and south Yemen were united, on May 22nd, North Yemen revolution day, the day north Yemen revolted, on September 26th, and Yemen evacuation day, the day the last British soldiers occupying Yemen left, on November 30th. The majority of them are Muslims, and their government is a republic. Traditional Yemen music is Folk music, but rap and hip-hop is very popular too.

Food

Food in Yemen has a bit of ottoman influence in some parts of the north, and very little Mughlai-style Indian influence in the south. The nation dish of Yemen is Saltah, a type of stew, and a different type of stew that's commonly eaten is ogdat, made with several different ingredients, with result in many different types of ogdats.

Saltah

INGREDIENTS 1 tbsp. oil, 3 garlic cloves, minced½ onion, chopped½ green chili, more or less to taste, 2 tomatoes fresh or canned, ½ tsp. salt, ½ tsp. coriander, ¼ tsp. cumin seeds, ¼ tsp. ground black pepper, 5 pieces of okra, chopped, 1 potato, peeled and chopped Optional: 1 small squash or ½ eggplant, chopped, 1 1/4 cup water Prepared Hulba HOW TO MAKE

  1. First, chop onion, garlic, and green chili and sauté in oil over medium heat until onion and garlic are browned, about 7-10 minutes.
  2. Add coriander, cumin, pepper and salt. Add chopped tomatoes and cook in oil until the liquid from tomatoes has evaporated, and oil turns red, about 5 minutes.
  3. Add okra, potatoes, and water. Cover and boil over medium heat until potatoes are soft and most of the liquid has evaporated, about 20-30 minutes. Watch the vegetables to make sure they do not burn.
  4. To make saltah, place the stewed vegetables in a stoneware pot on the stove. Make sure your pot is burner-safe and will not crack over high heat. Break up vegetables into small pieces with a spoon. Add just enough water to make a broth, about ½ cup. Don’t add too much water or the taste will be diluted.
  5. Add an extra pinch of salt and pepper to taste, and a few chopped green chilis on top of vegetables if desired. Also add as an option, 1 egg or beef broth.
  6. Heat on medium heat until bubbling. Pour on prepared hulba and let sit for a few seconds before serving piping hot. Serve with bread.

One of the many customs in the Yemeni culture is offering food to guests. Yemeni's eat mostly chicken, goat, lamb, and buttermilk. The Yemeni diet lacks dairy.

Economy

Yemen has a very bad economy, they depend a lot on their declining oil recources, and are trying to diversify their economy. In 2010 the international community made the Friends of Yemen group and has pledged almost $7 billion to Yemen. The GPD per capita is a low $2,500.

Entertainment

Their are plenty of things to do in Yemen. People can go to the beach, or go to Sanaa Zoo, one of the only zoo's in Yemen. Lot's of people in Yemen play sports, namely football (Soccer) or mountain activity's.

Climate

Temperatures in Yemen are really high, even higher near the costal regien. The highlands enjoy a nice, rainy temperature with a average of 69°F, while the tropical climate occasionally exceeds 129°F.

Fun facts

There are many fun facts for Yemen, their hard to count! It's customary for Yemeni to bring a jambiya (a short, curved dagger) in public. It, by tradition, keeps people for picking fights with one anther. Yemeni's really celebrate weddings, a average wedding feast lasts 21 days! Yemen is the only republic in the Arab peninsula, all the other country's are ruled by one person or family.

Citations

Wikimedia Foundation. "Welcome to Wikipedia." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.

Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

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