Dominican Republic

By: Sarah Mangan


The blue on the flag represents the sky

The red on the flag represents the blood shed by their patriots in war

The white represents dignity, the peaceful character of the Dominicans and their dedication to peace and the emblem in the middle is the shield of the Dominican Republic


The Dominican Republic located in the West Indies occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti. Its area equals that of Vermont and New Hampshire combined. Duarte Peak, at 10,417 ft (3,175 m), is the highest point in the West Indies. The land includes beaches, and mountains that cover half the country.


Landing of Colombus

For most of its history , the country was known as "Santo Domingo", the name of its present capital and patron saint, Santa Dominic. The Taino people had inhabited Hispaniola, moving from the north-eastern part of present-day South America, displacing earlier inhabitants. They engaged in fishing, farming, and hunting and gathering. They were then driven to northeastern part of the Caribbean during the 15th century due to the Carib people taking over.  

Then, Hispaniola was founded by Christopher Columbus on December 5, 1492 on his first voyage. They maintained a initially friendly relationship until Columbus claimed the land for Spain. He named it La Espanola, because it reminded him of the diverse climate and land of the country. Columbus made his son, Diego, the first viceroy. In 1496, Columbus's brother, Bartholomew, built the city of Santo Domingo, Western Europe's first permanent settlement in the "New World".  The Spainards created a plantation economy on the island. The colony was the springboard to further colonization and exploration of the "New World" and for decades was the headquarters of Spanish power in the hemisphere.

As for the Taino people, within a few years of Columbus's exploration, their population fell drastically from, above all, European disease to which they had no immunity.


The culture of the Dominican people is based on a mixture of European, African, and Taino cultures. These culture elements are most prominent in food, family structure religion, and music. The Republicans also enjoy sports such as baseball, boxing, volleyball, golf, and judo. Some of the Dominican Republic's important holidays include:

  • January 21: Day of the Lady of Altagracia
  • February 27: National Independence Day
  • February: Dominican Carnival
  • July: Merengue Festival
  • August 16: Restoration Day
  • November 6: Constitution Day


National Palace of the Dominican Republic in Santo Dominico

The Dominican Republic is a representative democracy or democratic republic with three branches of power: executive, legislative, and judicial, which is the same as the United States. The president is Danilo Medina and the vice president is Margarita Cedeno de Fernandez

President Danilo Medina

Economy and Currency

The Dominican Republic uses Dominican pesos for their currency. One Dominican peso equals .022 U.S. dollars. As for imports and exports, the Dominican Republic imports: foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals; and exports: ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods.


The Dominican Republic has a tropical climate. Due to its diverse topography, the country's climate shows considerable variation over short distances. The annual average temperature is 77 °F. At higher elevations the average can drop to 64°F and by the water, the average is 82 °F.

Tourist Attractions

Interesting Facts

1. Dominican Republic – is the second largest country in the Caribbean Region.

2. Santo Domingo city ( the capital of the Dominican Republic) – is the oldest colonial city in America. Santo Domingo founded the younger brother of Christopher Columbus, August 5, 1496.

3. Dominican flag – is the only flag in the world with the image of the Bible.

4. In the Dominican Republic is always one season. Umbrella is designed primarily for protection from the sun. The rains here are rare and it rains only from May to September.

5. Red-iguana Ricordi is found in the Dominican Republic. This unique species of iguanas are found only in the Dominican Republic.

6. One of the largest salt lakes in the world is in Dominican republic. It is the Lago Enriquillo lake. This lake has about 400 species of the American crocodile. The size of the lake is 370 square kilometers. That is, on average, one crocodile per square kilometer!

7. The highest point in the Dominican Republic – is Pico Duarte (3087). Pico Duarte – is the highest mountain in the Caribbean.

8. Santo Domingo is the first capital city of North and South America and houses the first cathedral the first university and the first hospital!

9. Some of the best golf courses in the world can be found in the Dominican Republic, like the Punta Espada Golf Course.

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