Catal Huyuk was located on a fertile plain in what is now south central Turkey. It covered 32 acres of land. It existed 8,000 years ago and it had 910-6000 residents.
The houses were made of bricks and arranged side by side. It had rich soil, plenty of water and produced very large crops of wheat, barley, and peas. Villagers also raised sheep and cattle. There was work for alot of weavers and potters. They used a dark, volcanic rock for jewerly, knives, and mirrors, which would be traded.
The villagers dedicated its paintings of shrines to the Mother Goddess. This goddess was believed to have control of the supply of grain.