ADHD, Behavioral, and Emotional Disorders
What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyper activity disorder is a neuro behavioral disorder that is defined by certain behaviors of a person. Usually it is presented in childhood at around the ages of six and seven. Symptoms include: inattention, dis-tractability, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. When these symptoms become a problem in the functioning of the child, it is time start a possible diagnosis.
3-5% of children meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD. 1 in 8 children are being treated for this disorder.
SOME MYTHS ABOUT ADHD:
#1: All kids with ADHD are hyperactive all of the time.
#2 Kids with ADHD can never pay attention.
#3 Kids will eventually grow out of ADHD.
Emotional Behavioral Disorders
- An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
- An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
- Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
- A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
- A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school factors.
Assessments of these disorders could include interviews with the parents or teachers, use of academic testing, observations, behavior rating scales or personality inventories. Some characteristics of people with emotional disturbances would include: hyperactivity, aggression, withdrawal from social settings and excessive fear, anxiety around others, low self esteem and possibly extreme immaturity.
What can Teachers do to help?
1. Reward positive behaviors and celebrate the successes of these students more often than you reprimand or punish their mistakes. This will build confidence!
2. Keep classroom rules as simple and clear as possible! Try to maintain your classroom with no more than 3 to 5 main rules. This way the children will not feel overwhelmed with expectations!
3. Fair treatment is for everyone! Do not bend established rules for any student. Enforcing consequences every time, with every student will create a fair atmosphere. When these children feel as if being treated unfair, it could begin an episode.
4.Take mini breaks from the lesson. This will allow the students to burn off excess energy that has built up from sitting still for a long period of time.
5. Make the lessons clear, engage the students! Encourage them as they learn and build their interest!