LDL and HDL
LDL and HDL are commonly confused for cholesterol. They are actually lipoproteins. LDL is considered the "bad" lipoprotein. It carries the cholesterol to the arteries so it can be used in the cells. HDL is known as the "good" lipoprotein. This lipoprotein helps remove the cholesterol that LDL put there in the arteries. It is then taken to the liver to be broken down passed out of the body.
LDL and HDL structure
LDL is a lot larger than HDL. LDL has a lot more cholesterol on the membrane than HDL, and HDL has more proteins than LDL does.
Other Molecules Monitored in the Blood
Many other molecules are monitored in the blood stream other than LDL and HDL. Some of them are, glucose, electrolytes, and hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the enzyme that carries oxygen on your red blood cells.
Why Doctors should Monitor LDL and HDL
Too much of the LDL lipoprotein can cause blocked arteries, and can prevent blow flow to the lungs. Studies have shown that low levels of HDL may increase your chances of heart disease.
Association With Heart Diseases
If the arteries get too clogged from LDL, then it can also cause a stroke, or heart attack. But, high levels of HDL in your body may prevent heart attacks and strokes.
Results of a Cholesterol Test
A cholesterol test measures the levels of HDL and cholesterol and LDL in your bloodstream, and can predict your lifespan or 10 year risk of heart attack or stroke.
How to Maintain Healthy HDL and LDL Levels
Eating a healthy diet and exercising will help keep the levels at a healthy state. Also many medications can help with maintaining the perfect levels. Like Statin. This medicine helps lower the level of LDL in your bloodstream.
Effects Of Eating Unsaturated Fats On Your Overall Health
The "good" type of fat, unsaturated fats, can help improve your cholesterol levels which can decrease your chances in cardiovascular diseases. Also, polyunsaturated fats include many fats and oils that your body needs. Eating the right amount of these fats can help protect against irregular heartbeats, and type 2 diabetes.
Effects Of Eating Saturated Fats On Your Overall Health
This type of fat may increase the level of LDL in your body, which may lead to plaque buildup in your arteries. Although you need some of these fats, too much can cause diseases and disorders like diabetes and other heart diseases.
Effects Of Eating Trans Fats On Your Overall Health
This is considered the most unhealthy type of fat. It can increase the level of LDL and decrease the levels of HDL in your body. Consuming too much trans fats can increase inflammation in your body, which can lead to cardiovascular diseases.
Normal Levels Of LDL And HDL
The normal level for HDL should be anywhere above 60 mg/dL. Your overall total fat level should be around 180 mg/dL. The LDL level should anywhere less than 100 mg/dL.