Chapter 13

The spread of ideas, organizational models, and material culture from a common Chinese center gave rise to three civilizations: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

JapanChinese influence peaked in 7th & 8th centuriesaimed for Chinese-style bureaucracy and societycivil wars in 1400s reverted Japan to barbarismChinese influenced declined

- most Chinese influenced although distinct in forms of dress,   cuisine, and social class system

- Sinification: extensive adaptation of Chinese culture: religion, government, architecture, etc.

- conquered by Han dynasty but revolted to resist Chinese dominance
- borrowed heavily from Chinese but preserved most features of society- won political independence in 939 although Chinese cultural influences continued

(105 words)

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