Constitutional Compromises

Great Compromise

I. Who proposed it?

On July 16, 1787, a plan proposed by Roger Sherman

II. What did it create?

Agreement made at the Convention of 1787 that created a two house legislature with one house based on population and the other based on state equality

III.  What other plans did it combine?

Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan

IV. What does bicameral mean?

Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches

3/5ths Compromise

I. Define it

Agreement made at the Convention of 1787 that slaves would count as 3/5 a person for the census to determine the population of each state

II. Why did the southern states want this?

Because they wanted their population to be bigger

Slave Trade Compromise

I. What was it?

Agreement at the Convention of 1787 that congress would not tax exports and slave trading could be banned in 20 years.

II. Why did the delegates agree to these terms?

To push it off,  because they know they would never agree

Bill of Rights

A. What are the bill of rights?

The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.

A formal declaration of the legal and civil rights of the citizens of any state, country, federation, etc.

B. List Every Amendment and find a picture for each amendment

1st Amendment

2nd Amendment

3rd Amendment

4th Amendment

5th Amendment

6th Amendment

7th Amendment

8th Amendment

9th Amendment

10th Amendment

Parts of Constitution

A. Preamble

I. List the purpose of the Preamble

Gives the purposes and goals of the Government

B. Article 1

Describes the congress and its powers

C. Article 2

Describes the Executive Branch

D. Article 3

Describes the Judicial Branch

E. Article 4

Describes the relationship of states to one another and the central government

F. Article 5

Describes the amendment process

G. Article 6

Describes the supremacy of the Constitution and the national government

F. Article 7

Describes the process of ratification of this Constitution

Constitutional Principles

I. Limited Government

Belief that a government's powers should be limited

II. Checks and Balances

System designed to have the separate parts of the government watch over each other

III. Separation of Powers

Philosophy that the best government is one where the functions of governing are divided between three branches

IV. Popular Sovereignty

The right of the people to rule themselves

V. Federalism

System of two or more governments that operate together and share powers over citizens

VI. Enumerated Powers (aka delegated, expressed, exclusive)

These are the names given to powers that are given to the Federal government by the Constitution

VII. Concurrent Powers (aka shared powers)

Powers that are shared by the different levels of government

VIII. Reserved Powers (aka powers of the state Government)

These are the powers that are given to the state governments under the Federalism system

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