Methods and Objectives of Employee Training
Training is the process of improving skills, capabilities and knowledge of employees for performing a particular task. Training is a continuous process and leads to superior employee performance.
Objectives of Training:
Objectives of training can vary depending on the task and type of employees. Let’s briefly discuss few objectives of training:
ü To increase employee productivity and efficiency that leads to financial gains
ü Improving organizational climate
ü Adopting new technology and methods
ü Boost employee motivation
ü Increase employee satisfaction and raising their morale
ü Reducing employee turnover
ü Risk Management
ü Building corporate image
ü Personal growth
It is essential to begin with a training objective so the employees know what is expected from them. Training prepares the employees for real life situations so there is no chance of error when delivering outputs. Training also enhances workers creativity and decision making skills
Job rotations are practiced more during trainings so that employees work is not repetitive and monotonous. It motivates the employees and prepares them for higher positions and broadens their sets of skills. It also helps in reducing workplace stress. Training helps you see your organization from a wider perspective.
Types of Trainings:
Training is classified under two broad types.
1. On the job Training
2. Off the job training
On the job training is given to employees while they are performing their regular work. This can either be at a special training centre or on company’s premises. So in a way employee does not need extra time and can learn while they are on their regular work. On the job training develops skills that are transferable to different business units. For example, trainers train employees with the use of new equipments so that they are up to date with technological advancements. On the job training includes coaching, mentoring, job rotation, apprenticeship and assistantships.
Off the job training is any training that takes place away from the regular work place of the employees. It includes several different techniques such as lectures, conferences, simulation exercises, audio visual conferences, transactional training, role playing, case studies and laboratory trainings.
Once the training objectives are clear and the training is complete, a schedule must be prepared that evaluates and informs employees about their progress over time.
Training benefits the organization as well as its employees. It’s good for the business in terms of financial gains, superior customer service, improved work safety practices and enhances productivity..