World Religion: Buddhism
  By: Katie Cutter

Started in the years 563-482 B.C.E.

Monks During a Buddhist Ceremony in Cambodia.

Originated in India.

Siddhartha Gautama known as Buddha is the starter of Buddhism   

This is the Buddha.

Buddhism was founded by an Indian prince named Siddharta Gautama around the year 500 BCE. According to tradition, the young prince lived an affluent and sheltered life until a journey during which he saw an old man, a sick man, a poor man, and a corpse. Shocked and distressed at the suffering in the world, Gautama left his family to seek enlightenment through asceticism. But even the most extreme asceticism failed to bring enlightenment.

Primitive humans found selves in a dangerous and hostile world, the fear of wild animals, of not being able to find enough food, of injury or disease, and of natural phenomena like thunder, lightning and volcanoes were constantly with them. Finding no security, they created the idea of gods in order to give them comfort in good times, courage in times of danger and consolation when things went wrong. To this day, you will notice that people become more religious at times of crises, you will hear them say that the belief in a god or gods gives them the strength they need to deal with life. You will hear them explain that they believe in a particular god because they prayed in time of need and their prayer was answered. All this seems to support the Buddha's teaching that the god-idea is a response to fear and frustration. The Buddha taught us to try to understand our fears, to lessen our desires and to calmly and courageously accept the things we cannot change. He replaced fear, not with irrational belief but with rational understanding.

Buddha Shamanism in meditative pose at Gouty Vijayanagar Center, San Jose.

The sacred book of Buddhism is called the Tripitaka. The sacred book of Buddhism is called the Tripitaka.

This wheel is also called the dharma chakra or the dhamma chakka and is often used to represent Buddha himself. It has also universally become the symbol.

They pray in temples.

Vesak-Buddhas birthday, Magha Puja-is an important religious festival, Kathina Ceremoney-robe offering ceremony, and Budhi Day-the holiday which commemorates the day that the historical Buddha experienced enlightenment

Beautiful Buddhist symbol: pink lotus flower

Fourth largest religion in the world today- bodhi means enlightenment- Bodh Gaya is located in North India- Lotus flower is mane symbol of Buddhism- The Buddha “There is,O monks, an Unborn, unoriginated, uncreated, unformed-meditating is a deep spiritual introspection- Buddhism adopted Karma from Hinduism- Buddha established the Sangha- Stupas have turned into beautiful architecture- Dhamekh Stupa is one of the oldest in the world- Theravada teaching of the elders- Mahayana larger of the two religions- there are two schools of buddhism- china has the most followers- there are more than 360 million buddhist

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