Caliph- a title the Muslim use for the highest leader of Islam.
Tolerance- or acceptance.
Baghdad- in what is now Iraq, became the capital of the Islamic Empire in 762.
Cordoba- a great city in Spain, became another showplace of Muslim civilization.
Janissaries- slave soldiers, called janissaries, converted to Islam and became fiercely loyal warriors.
Istanbul- Mehmed made Constantinope, which the Ottomans called Istanbul, his capital.
Sufism- which taught people they could find God's love by having a personal relationship with God.
Minarets- tall towers from where Muslims are called to prayer.
Calligraphy, or decorative writing.