Ancient Egypt

by Kaitlyn Colligan

Stable food Supple

Egypt is mostly desert. With out the Nile river their diet would be very different. Each spring melting snow on top of mountains to the south would turn into water and flow into the Nile river. This will make the Nile flood its banks and poor over land! As the evaporates it will leave black rich soil. The ancient Egyptians called this "rich soil the gift of the Nile"!

foods they ate

bread

cereal

fruit

vegetables

fish

wild water fowl

beef lamb

pork

oils

drinks from the Nile

RELIGION

The Egyptian religion strengthen by the pharaohs say. Pharaohs were to believe to be gods, and their word is law. Religion guided every aspect of Egyptians life. Egyptians religion was based on polytheism, or the worship of many deities, except for the region of Akenaton, Then Egyptians had as many 2000 god and goddesses. Some such as Amun were worshiped thought out the whole county, while others had only a local following. Often gods and goddesses were represented as part of an animal. For example: Horus had the head of a hawk and the body of a human. The consided animal such as the bull the cat and the crocodile to be holly!

Social Structure

Ancient Egypt social structure looked like a pyramid! At the very top of the pyramid was the Pharaoh. Egypt supreme ruler was the Pharaoh. The social pyramid had many layers. The layers near the top had less population but yet VERY impotent. The lower layers had bigger population and had no respect. they were the slaves and the presents.

The Art

The great architecture achievements of the past are built of stone. Stone quarries supplies the large blocks of granite, lime stone, and sand stone were used to build temples. Architects planed carefully as the building was done without morter, so the stones had to fit precisely together. Only pliers would keep building ups!

System of Goverment

Government official belonged to the highest class on Egypt's social pyramid after the Pharaoh. their job is to help the pharaoh in his or her role of ruler of Egypts land. Government officials were mostly members of the family or anotherupper class famil. However trusted servents from the royal court sometimes rose to power!

Advanced in Technology

The Ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to form in the ancient world. Their inventions and technology had an impact on many civilizations to come. Their technology included the ability to build large construction projects such as pyramids and palaces, simple machines such as ramps and levers, and a complex system of government and religion.

The Egyptians learned how to make durable sheets of parchment from the papyrus plant. It was used for important documents and religious texts. The Egyptians kept the process to make the sheets a secret so they could sell the parchment to other civilizations such as Ancient Greece.

The Ancient Egyptians had a wide variety of medicines and cures. Some of their medicines were quite strange. For example, they used honey and human brains to cure eye infections. They also used a whole cooked mouse to help cure coughs. Many of their medicines were accompanied by spells to ward off the evil spirits making the person sick.

With the Nile River playing a major role in the lives of the Egyptians, building ships was a big part of their technology. They originally built small boats from papyrus reeds, but later began to build large ships from cedar wood imported from Lebanon.

All Egyptians wore makeup, even the men. They made a dark eye makeup called kohl from soot and other minerals. The makeup was a fashion statement, but it also had the side affect of protecting their skin from the hot desert sun.

Written Language

The Ancient Egyptians used picture words to write called hieroglyphics. It is a very old form of writing that they starting using as early as 3000 B.C. Hieroglyphics was a very complicated way of writing involving 1000s of symbols. Some of the symbols represented sounds, like our letters, and other's represented entire words.

Hieroglyphics was different from how we write in many ways:

  • It could be written in any direction; left to right, right to left, or top to bottom. The reader would figure out which way to read it by the direction of the symbols.
  • There were no vowel sounds, only consonants. Also, there was no punctuation.
  • One of the goals in writing hieroglyphics was that the writing would look like art and be beautiful to look at.
  • A single picture symbol could stand for a whole word, called an ideogram, or a sound, called a phonogram. For example, a picture of an eye could mean the word "eye" or the letter "I".

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