Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Nervous System Disease Mrs.Crawford p-3

OCD was fist discover and diagnosed in 1963 by Dr. Neil Bogusian.

Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a serious anxiety-related condition where a person has frequent obsessional thoughts, often followed by repetitive urges.

OCD affects as many as 12 in every 1000 people.
OCD is so disabling that the World Health Organisation (WHO) ranked OCD in the top ten of the most disabling diseases of any kind.

In OCD there is abnormal activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate medial prefrontal cortex, and the caudate nucleus.

OCD does not affect the peripheral nervous system in any way.
OCD does however affect the central nervous system.

Scientists have discovered that people with OCD and their close family members show under-activation of brain areas responsible for stopping habitual behavior.

OCD is sometimes considered to be hereditary. Not everyone is guaranteed to get the disease but it has been traced in families. There are environmental stressors that can trigger OCD in people developing the condition.

OCD isn't considered to be fatal but OCD can lead to other things like depression that can lead to suicide.


People who have OCD are haunted by having thoughts or images about many different things, such as fear of germs, dirt, or intruders

OCD can affect you physically with headaches, stomach problems, and heart problems. This doesn't occur is every case but it can happen.

Cognitive issues have been tested in OCD and their were mixed results.


There isn't a definite cure for OCD. There is treatment and medicine you can take to stop or lessen the symptoms. If you would stop taking the medicine the symptoms WOULD come back though.

Medicines To Treat OCD

Headlinefluvoxamine (Luvox®) fluoxetine (Prozac®) sertraline (Zoloft®) paroxetine (Paxil®) citalopram (Celexa®)* clomipramine (Anafranil®) escitalopram (Lexapro®) venlafaxine (Effexor®)!
Some people do go to therapy to help treat there OCD but, therapy doesn't help everyone.

OCD is a long term disease. Treatment will help and reduce symptoms.

There are several different institutions and colleges that are doing research on OCD everyday. Even though not very much is know on how or why people get it< scientists ae trying to figure it out.