The Holy Trinity
Grace Rogers and Sarah George
Catholics are monotheistic. Monotheism is the belief in one God. God revealed to us that there is only one God, The Lord of all the earth. The Catechism of the Catholic Church firmly states our belief in one God. "To confess that Jesus is Lord is distinctive of Christian faith. This is not contrary to belief in the One God. Nor does believing in the Holy Spirit as 'Lord and giver of life' introduce any division into the One God. Catholic have always affirmed the truth that God is one and we affirm this in the Nicene Creed.
Catholics are Trinitarian. The mystery of the Holy Trinity-the mystery of one God in three Persons-is a unique defining trait of Christian faith. Every prayer we pray and every Sacrament we celebrate is done in the name of this Triune God-Father, Son, and 8Holy Spirit. The three Divine Persons are inseparable both in what they are and in what they do. This means each Divine Person is fully God-complete, whole, and entire. Each of the three Persons is engaged in the work of our salvation. Each acts to create us in love, redeem us, and make us holy. The work and mission of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are inseperable. They are inseperable, but this does not divide the divine unity. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are in perfect communion with one another. We express this Mystery of Faith by saying that the Son is begotten of the Father and that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son. The Trinity is revealed by God in Sacred Scripture. Many passages in the Bible help us to understand that the God revelaed to us in Scripture is a Trinity of Divine Persons.
The First Person of the Trinity is God the Father. When we profess that God is our Father, we acknowledge that he is the source of all life; that all creation exists because of God. God loves us, care for us, provides for us, heals us, forgives us, and is just and faithful. His faithful love will never, ever fail us. Jesus revealed God the Father to us in many ways. We are God's adopted children. Jesus does more than teach about his loving Father. He invites us to call God "father" ourselves. We believe that God's infinite love and tender mercy extend to all people, even in ways we cannot fully cannot fully understand.
The Second Person of the Trinity is God the Son. The New Testament passages may help us to understand that Jesus is truly God. Jesus is not only truly and fully God but also truly and fully human. Scripture passages, as well as the writings of the early Church councils, help us to understand that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Jesus became fully human, which enabled him to teach us to love the truth, to pray always in faith, and to forgive those who have wronged us. Jesus has shown us how to live in a way that reflects the fullness and beauty of God's Reign. God became incarnate -to save us -to share divine love with us -to show us how to be holy -to enable us to share in God's divine nature. Christ is derived from christos which means "anointed one" Jesus is "anointed by the Holy Spirit, from the beginning of his human existence", anointed to be our Savior and Redeemer.
The Third Person of the Trinity is the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit has been active since the time of Creation, speaking to God's people through the ancient prophets and anointing Jesus for his special mission to redeem and save us. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are distinct Persons, but they are inseparable from one another. Jesus explains that the Spirit will teach the disciples everything they need to know. After Jesus dies and rises, he makes good on his promise. At Pentecost, he sends the Holy Spirit to be with his disciples forever. Receiving the gift of the Spirit means that the mission of the Church. The Spirit empowers us to follow the way of our mission. The spirit empowers us to follow the way of Jesus by sharing God's love with our friends and families, being a healing presence to those in need, and preaching the Good News through our words and actions. Since, Jesus is no longer on the earth, the Paraclete blesses and strengthens our efforts to live as Jesus did: bringing justice, peace, and truth to all those we meet.