Mali: The War Against the Rebels
Mali has been politically unstable for a very long time and is trying to stabilize. The Tuareg-jihadist rebellion of 2012 was started because the Tuaregs wanted political autonomy and separation from the North. It has not helped the government's attempts at reform one bit. Northern Mali slowly became divided into factions, each controlled by various, different rebel groups. After Mali's army collapsed, French and Chadian troops tried to help Mali by pushed out the rebels who were controlling the north. In the end, the Malian government gave the rebel groups political recognition in the north to try to create peace. The Malian government tried to make a peace deal and cease-fire with the rebel forces. While most of the rebel forces signed it, the rebel group C.M.A. completely rejected it. The C.M.A. wanted even more political autonomy and recognition in the north, so they were unhappy and did not sign off on the peace treaty. The United Nation is also trying to help solve this conflict, so it has 10,000 soldiers stationed in Mali to maintain peace between the two clashing forces. Armed rebel groups have attacked U.N. peacekeepers, each other and Malian soldiers over the past week. A peace deal was created March 1st, but it is now in danger because of the attack on the U.N. and because the C.M.A. did not want to sign the peace treaty.
Nossiter, Adam. "Attacks on U.N. Force Add to Unrest in Mali." The New York Times. The New York Times, 30 Apr. 2015. Web. 03 May 2015.