Team 7-3 Omaha Zoo Trip
Anthony Seykora May 1,2014
On the hunt for vertebrate animals
Common Name: Clown Fish Scientific Name: Amphiprioninae
Bio-me: Saltwater (Ocean) Home Range / Habitat: Ocean
Fish Adaptations Species Adaptations
1. Fins so they can swim 1. The clown fishes fins are designed so it can dart away from predators
2. Large scales for protection 2. The mucus on a clown fish allows it to live in anemone
3. Torpedo shape body's for swim fast 3. The mucus also allows it to slip past a predators and not get
4. Small scales so they can catch fast prey. 4. They have the ability to detect predators and prey
5. Big eyes so they can see their prey in the night 5. Has the ability to hide scent
Common Name: Red-eyed Tree Frog Scientific Name: Agalychis callidryas
Biome: Rain forest Home Range / Habitat: Forest
Amphibian Adaptations Species Adaptations
1. streamlined body shape for swimming 1. Coloration for warning
2. able to jump great distances with legs 2. Color for camouflage
3. able to catch and eat large prey with mouth 3. If startled by a predator, the sudden appearance of these colors may confuse or disinterest the predator
4. The mouth is sticky to catch prey 4.Like many tree frogs, red-eyed tree frogs have suction cups on their toes that enable it to climb trees and on leaves.
5. eyes: it gives the frog a wide angled visual field; allows frog to remain in water with only part of head exposed 5. Many of the animals that eat red- eyed tree frogs are nocturnal hunters that use keen eyesight to find prey
Common Name: Komodo dragon Scientific Name: Varanus komodoensis
Biome: Grasslands, Savannah, (tropical) Home range / Habitat: Indonesian islands
Reptile Adaptations Species Adaptations
1. Scales for protection 1. The Komodo dragon has adapted in many ways to suite its climate
2. Claws to catch prey 2. The Komodo dragon has very large powerful legs. These legs help this speedy, dangerous predator to catch and tear apart its prey
3. Tongue to scents their surroundings 3. It is very territorial and agressive towards other animals including its own kind
4. Camouflage to avoid predators. 4. This bacteria in its mouth can cause the death of small animals and make larger animals extremely sick and in some cases it can be fatal
5. Shed off their tail so that they can escape a predator 5. They also employ behavioral adaptations in order to regulate body temperature.
Common Name: Seal Scientific Name: Pinnipedia
Biome: Antarctica (tundra) Home range / habitat: tundra
Mammal Adaptations Species Adaptations
1. These modifications gave rise to a new organ 1. Some seal adaptions include their whiskers which feel for darkness
2. All marine mammals have special traits that allow them to dive deep and stay underwater for a long time. 2.They also have a body for swimming such as flippers that propel them through the water and are able to streamline through the water.
3. Can keep a constant body temp. 3. Seals also have two layers of fur that includes a short, fine layer that is closest to the body to keep it warm and the second is longer hair that forms an outer waterproof layer.
4. Another way marine mammals control their body temperature is by controlling their blood flow in a process called vasodilation 4. The body of seals helps them swim properly and this is how they adapt
5. Marine mammals are well adapted to life in the water. Pinnipeds, sea otters and polar bears are amphibious (able to operate on land and in the water) 5. Their clever brains could also be regarded as an adaptation to their habitat
Common Name: Parrots Scientific Name: Psittaciformes
Biome: Tropical lands Home range / Habitat: Amazon
Bird adaptations Species Adaptations
1. All birds are warm-blooded, or endothermic, animals 1. These beaks are especially shaped to enable parrots to crack open hard shells of large seeds or nuts
2. All birds lay hard-shelled eggs. Birds have only two legs 2. Parrots have strong claws so they can grip to perches
3. Their forelimbs have become modified into wings for flying 3. Like all birds, they have hollow bones and wings for flight, and the right pectoral muscles to give them the necessary "lift".
4. Many of a bird's bones are hollow which makes birds' bodies lightweight 4. Two of the toes face forwards and two face backwards. This gives them extra grip for climbing
5. Flying birds have large chest muscles that move the wings 5. Parrots are long-lived, with some species living up to 70 years.