• Introduction

Canada, on the North American continent, is the world's second-largest country by land area. Comprising 10 provinces and three territories, Canada has a population of more than 34 million people, resulting in a much lower population density than its neighbor to the south, the United States. Almost 90% of all Canadians live within 100 miles of the U.S.-Canadian border, which is the longest undefended border in the world. Canada is a nation of immigrants. Only about 4.2% of the population consists of indigenous Indians and Aleuts. Almost 20% of the population is descended from British immigrants, but about 15.5% of the population is of French heritage. Despite the large British-descended population, the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism and only about 5% of the population belongs to the Anglican Church. Both English and French are officially spoken, reflecting the division between the country's two dominant cultures. Canada's capital is Ottawa.

  • landforms

As the second largest country in the world, Canada includes a wide variety of land regions, vast maritime terrains, thousands of islands, more lakes and inland waters than any other country, and the longest coastline on the planet. In essence, Canada is a smorgasbord of landforms. Significant landforms include the Appalachian Mountains; St. Lawrence River; Canadian Shield; Canadian Arctic Archipelago; Great Lakes; Hudson Bay; Great Plains; Lake Winnipeg; Columbia, Fraser, Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers; Great Bear Lake; Great Slave Lake; Rocky Mountains; Canadian Cordillera and the dozens of volcanoes along the Pacific Ring of Fire.

  • landmark

Canada has a very large and diverse range of geographic features. Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 2 territories. Canada stretches from the Pacific Ocean on the west, to the Atlantic Ocean on the east. Northern Canada reaches into the Arctic Circle, while southern Canada stretches below the northern points of the United States. Canada has a very small population, 28 million people, for its geographic size. Much of Canada is still wilderness, cover by forests. The Rocky Mountains cover a major part of western Canada -- British Columbia, the Yukon Territory, and the western part of Alberta. West-central Canada is mostly prairie, consisting of large grain farms. The east-central part of Canada are the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. These are major population and industrial areas. The Maritime provinces on the east coast rely very heavily on the Atlantic Ocean for their way of life.

  • Bodies of water

Our rivers and lakes situated north of 60 degrees latitude constitute some of Canada's largest water bodies. The Mackenzie River, for example, is over 4000 kilometres long and is the country's largest river. Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, is the world's ninth largest lake (by area). The St. Lawrence-Great Lakes drainage basin is the largest in southern Canada.

  • major cities

The major cities as shown in the Canada cities map include Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria, Calgary, Windsor, Winnipeg, Oshawa, Toronto, Quebec, Montreal, Regina, Halifax, and Saskatoon.


Capital of the province of Alberta, Edmonton is located on the North Saskatchewan River. It is home to the largest shopping and entertainment centre, the West Edmonton Mall. Edmonton is a cultural center and hosts many art and music festivals and cultural events all the year round. This has earned the city its nickname "The Festival City".


Known for its attractions such as the Granville Island, Robson Street, and Stanley Park, the city of Vancouver is located on west coast of Canada. It is a beautiful and vibrant city surrounded by water from three sides. With an estimated population of two million, Vancouver is the third-largest city in Canada.


Home to over 2,615,060 people, Toronto is the most-populous city in Canada. The city boasts of having the tallest freestanding structure in the world, the CN Tower; it measures at a height of 553.33 meters. Toronto is an educational center with a number of colleges, universities, and other professional institutes. University of Toronto, York University, and Ryerson University are some of the premier schools of higher education in the city.

The second-largest city in Canada, Montreal is an important commercial, financial, and industrial center. The city also serves as an important center for aerospace, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, film and world affairs. It is well known for hosting a number of festivals such as the "Montreal Jazz Festival" and Montrael Canadian Grand Prix.

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