Food poisoning affects at least one out of six Americans each year.
What is it?
Salmonella, the name of a group of bacteria, is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the United States. Usually, symptoms last four to seven days and most people get better without treatment.
Who is at risk?
Salmonella can cause serious illness in older adults, infants, and people with weak immune systems.
What are the sources of salmonella?
Salmonella is found both in food and animals. Contaminated eggs, poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk or juice, cheese, contaminated raw fruits and vegetables, spices, and nuts are examples of some foods that salmonella is found in. Reptiles, amphibians, and birds and examples of some animals that salmonella is found in.
What is the incubation period?
The incubation period for salmonella is twelve to seventy two hours.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms are salmonella include diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.
How can people prevent salmonella?
There are many ways that you can prevent salmonella.
You should avoid eating high-risk foods, including raw or lightly cooked eggs, under-cooked ground beef or poultry, and unpasteurized milk.
Keep food properly refrigerated before cooking. Don't just let them sit out on the counter. Bacteria will then set onto the food.
Wash your hands with soap and warm water before handling food. Clean the surfaces you will be using before preparing food on them.
Separate cooked foods from ready-to-eat foods. Do not use utensils on cooked foods that were previously used on raw foods and do not place cooked foods on plates where raw foods once were unless it has been cleaned thoroughly.
Cook foods to a safe temperature. Use a meat thermometer to make sure foods are cooked to a safe temperature. Certain types of food have certain temperatures the food needs to reach and maintain in order for it to be safe to eat.
Chill foods as soon as possible after serving and keep them cold when transporting from one place to another.
Wash your hand after contact with animals, their food or treats, or their living environment.
Theses are all ways that you can prevent getting salmonella.
This video gives us a really good description of what salmonella is, where does it come from, what are the symptoms, etc. It also gives us examples of other bacteria that could give you food poisoning.
This video tells how you can prevent salmonella and more important facts about this bacteria.