North Korea Invades South Korea
On June 25, 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea along the 38th parallel. This was an important event because it sparked the beginning of the Cold War.
In 1950, MacArthur was the UN military commander in the beginning of the Korean War. After finding out that China would not help intervene, MacArthur wanted to bomb the Chinese. This angered President Truman, which led him to fire MacArthur as the commander.
UN Regains South Korea
In 1952, the United Nations forced China and the North Koreans back and gained control on South Korea again.
In July 1953, a cease-fire agreement was signed between the UN forces and North Korea. This set the border between the two Koreas at the 38th parallel.
South Korea After the War
South Korea focused on developing its industry and foreign trade, which led to major developments for the country. South Korea established free elections in 1987 and had one of the highest economic growth rates in the world.