Concentration Camps

By: Jason Meade

These camps were used for a range of purposes including forced-labor camps, transit camps which served as temporary way stations, and killing centers built primarily for mass murder. From its rise to power in 1933, the Nazi regime built a series of detention facilities to imprison and eliminate enemies of the state." Most prisoners in the early concentration camps were German Communists, Socialists, Social Democrats, Roma (Gypsies), Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, and persons accused of "asocial" or socially deviant behavior.

Good and Bad People involved in the concentration camps- Adolf Hitler, Albert Goering, Oscar Schindler, Emile Schindler and Irena Sendler.

Time Line

March 20, 1933 - Dachau Opens-May 25, 1933 - Dachau Exempted from Judicial Authority-October 1, 1933 - Punishment and Administration Regulations-August 15, 1938 - Dachau Camp Expanded -November 9, 1938 - Kristallnacht Arrests -September 27, 1939 - Conversion to Armed Forces Training Camp -September 3, 1941 - SS Doctors begin Selections of Prisoners -November 15, 1941 - Soviet POWS in Dachau -March 17, 1942 - Crematorium Site Chosen -June 3, 1942 - Polish Priests Deported to Dachau-October 3, 1942 - Medical Experiments Conducted on Prisoners -January 26, 1943 - Typhus Epidemic -January 15, 1945 - SS Reports Prisoner Statistics -April 26, 1945 - Death March to Tegernsee -April 29, 1945 - US Forces Liberate Camp                                                                           Interesting Facts

  • It is estimated that 11 million people were killed during the Holocaust. Six million of these were Jews.
  • The Nazis killed approximately two-thirds of all Jews living in Europe.
  • An estimated 1.1 million children were murdered in the Holocaust.
  • Although many people refer to all Nazi camps as "concentration camps," there were actually a number of different kinds of camps, including concentration camps, extermination camps, labor camps, prisoner-of-war camps, and transit camps.
  • The Nazis used the term "the Final Solution" to refer to their plan to murder the Jewish people.
  • On April 1, 1933, the Nazis instigated their first action against German Jews by announcing a boycott of all Jewish-run businesses.
  • The Nuremberg Laws, issued on September 15, 1935, began to exclude Jews from public life. The Nuremberg Laws included a law that stripped German Jews of their citizenship and a law that prohibited marriages and extramarital sex between Jews and Germans. The Nuremberg Laws set the legal precedent for further anti-Jewish legislation.
  • Nazis then issued additional anti-Jews laws over the next several years. For example, some of these laws excluded Jews from places like parks, fired them from civil service jobs (i.e. government jobs), made Jews register their property, and prevented Jewish doctors from working on anyone other than Jewish patients.
    • During the night of November 9-10, 1938, Nazis incited a pogrom against Jews in Austria and Germany in what has been termed, "Kristallnacht" ("Night of Broken Glass"). This night of violence included the pillaging and burning of synagogues, breaking the windows of Jewish-owned businesses, the looting of these stores, and many Jews were physically attacked. Also, approximately 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps.
    • After World War II started in 1939, the Nazis began ordering Jews to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing so that Jews could be easily recognized and targeted.

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