Leukemia

BY:  Graci Heidt

What is Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer.  It begins in the bone marrow.  Bone marrow is the soft tissue at the center of the bone.  Blood cells are created in the bone marrow.  Leukemia means white blood.  The body uses white blood cells (leukocytes) to help fight infections and other substances.    

Symptoms

There are eight symptoms of Leukemia. The symptoms of Leukemia are swollen lymph nodes that don't hurt, fevers or night sweats, frequent infections, feeling weak and tired, easily bleeding and bruising, swelling and discomfort in the abdomen, weight loss or loss of appetite for no known reason, and pain in the bones or joint.  Leukemia can cause certain abnormalities like cells to grow rapidly and never die, kind of like they are mutant cells. Then over time, these abnormal cells can crowd out the healthy cells, leading to less healthy blood cells. This leads to the symptoms of Leukemia.

The Stages Of Cancer

There are a four to five stages of cancer depending on the type of cancer that you have.  The term " stage of cancer" means the stage the cancer was at when you were first diagnosed.  Being sure about the stage of cancer is very important because it is used to determine the best treatment option.  Stage zero cancer is called in situ cancer, stage one cancer is called localised cancer, stage two cancer usually means the cancer has spread to the local lymph nodes, stage three cancer usually indicates more extensive lymph node involvement, and stage four cancer always indicates metastasis.

What Is Metastasis?

I am sure that your doctor has said the word metastasis when he was talking about you cancer. I am also sure that you have no idea what he was talking about when he said it, am I right? Metastasis is the development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.

Treatment Options

There are a few treatment options for Leukemia.  One treatment option is called inferon therapy.  Inferon therapy is to slow the reproduction of leukemia and promote the immune systems anit-leukemia activity.  Another treatment option for leukemia is radiation therapy.  Radiation therapy is to kill cancer cells by exposure to high-energy radiation.  An SCT (stem cell transplantation) is another treatment option for cancer.  SCT's are to enable treatment with high doses of chemotherapy and radiationtherapy.

Chances Of Survival

The chances of surviving leukemia for an adult is 90%.  The chance of surviving leukemia for a kid is 83.7%.  Remission is a temporary or permanent decrease or subsidence of manifestations of a disease

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