1982: The Canadian Constitution and Charter of Rights & Freedoms
i) Students will learn about the two documents
ii) why are they important?
ii) How does it impact us in today lives?
The Canadian Constitution:
The Canadian Constitution is a large number of documents that have been entrenched in the constitution by various means. Regardless of how documents became established, together those documents form the Supreme law of Canada. In 1982 the Constitution changed, Pierre Trudeau Made several amendments to the British North America Act, 1867. Enacted the Charter of Right and Freedom. Recognized Aboriginal rights. Amended the equalization formula. Created an amending formula for the Constitution. Declared the above list of documents to be part of the Constitution. On April 17, 1982, the new Constitution Act was signed into law by Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau outside the Parliament building for it to be officially "come home".
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms (also known as in French, La Charte Canadienne des Droits et Libertés) is a bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada. It forms the first part of the Constitution Act, 1982. The rights and freedoms guarantees to only such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.
-Fundamental Freedom: (Freedom of conscience, belief and religious) -Democratic Rights: (The right to vote in an election.. Mayor, Prime Minister, President) -Mobility Rights: (Citizen have right to enter and leave Canada) -Legal Rights: (The Right to Life, Liberty and Security) -Equality Rights: (equal rights of law without discrimination based on race/sex)
Why is it important?
The regulation that enabled the Constitution in 1982 made major changes to Canada's laws. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a well known document that is a part of the Constitution Act. The Charter has been the foundation of acknowledgement and expansion of the Rights and Freedoms of Canadian Citizens. For example, the rights of same-sex marriage was established not too long ago in 2004. Previous amendments to the Canadian Constitution had to be recommended to the United Kingdom Parliament for Queen Elizabeth II to sign to passed but now amendments can be made by Canada's Governor General which gives us more Civil Rights.
How it impacts our lives today?
- Freedom to all citizens was guaranteed such as the right to vote, human rights and etc. - Canada became more diverse as the nation humbly accepts people from different cultures. - Women can now work and freely vote unlike in the past where women were known as the housewife as their husband were the earners. - Citizens in Canada now has a lot of different religions yet everybody respect their own perspective belief. - It gives the Federal and Provincial governments limited power over our courts.