The significance of external pressure and the activism on behalf of the women’s football

At the time British women’s teams were fifa 15 coins involved in extensive international competition, primarily, but not exclusively, involving European clubs. Between April and August 1973 the FA sanctioned thirty-four matches involving foreign clubs, including Amersham Angels versus DVSNE in Holland twice and Bollebygd WFC in England; Birmingham were hosted by Oxabacks TF Damlag and Dingtuna FC, two Swedish sides; Blewbury Ladies had two fixtures with KMVZ of Holland; Coventry Bantams arranged three matches in France; East Kent Ladies played Rhade and Marl in two separate ties in Germany; Emgals played FC Bavos three times; Evesham North End hosted Metze; Farley United played at DJK Borussia-Scholven in Germany; Kay’s Ladies competed with both Halma and FC Bavos in England; Kent Women’s League hosted DKF Eintracht Erle 1928 three times; Lodge Park Ladies FC travelled to Eitrach Trier in Germany and Royal Club Arlonaise in Bel- gium; Neilsen Ladies visited DVC Elisabeth in Holland; Wanderers Ladies FC attended the Royal Gossiles Tournament in Belgium; Wantage and Watford played KMVZ and Helmond 1899, respectively, in Holland.91 By 1974 there had been a tournament run by Ruelle Ladies in Mallorca that involved Bath, Beccles, Bed- worth Ladies, Bletchingley YCFC, Bracknell Bullits, Corinthian Nomads, Coventry Bantams, Feltham United, Fodens and Southampton, as well as games in Belgium, France, Germany and Luxembourg and ‘unofficial’ tournaments in the US and Hong Kong.

As the Introduction has shown, the 1973–1974 example in England was not the only proposal that could have broken the sport into those new markets that FIFA now wishes the women’s game to pursue. It would also have created a World Cup tourna- ment seventeen years before the sports’ governing body hosted a world champion- ship for women. Ironically, the 1991 tournament was entitled as contested ‘for the M&Ms Cup’, by which time FIFA had overcome at least some of their commercial squeamishness. Even if your opinion still tends towards a view of the federations’ actions as motivated by recalcitrance rather than malice, the women’s football com- munity of the 1970s and 1980s had more ambitious, timely and innovative plans than the bureaucracies created to regulate men’s football with which they were obliged to integrate. The significance of external pressure and the activism on behalf of the women’s football community is further indicated by a series of meetings around the years 1980, 1981 and 1982 which led directly to the first UEFA tournament for women but more belatedly and indirectly to a Women’s World Cup.