Metaphors- describes one thing as if it were something else

Personification- gives human qualities to something nonhuman

Similes- use like or as to compare to unlike things

Alliteration- is the repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words, as in feathered friend

Repetition- is the repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase

Assonance- is the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different constant sounds, as in fade and hay

Consonance- is the repetition of final constant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds, as in end and hand

Onomatopoeia- is the use of words that intimate soundsRhyme- is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

Rhythm- is the pattern of strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem. Rhythm in music and poetry are similar

Lines- help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many individual parts

Stanzas- are the arrangement of groups of lines to create and appearance on the page or to organize thoughts.

Meter- is the rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables

Rhyme Scheme- is the pattern of rhyme in a poem

Lyric Poetry- expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a very musical verse

Sonnets- fourteen- line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme

Odes- poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea

Elegies- formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes
Narrative Poetry- tells a story in a verse

Epics- long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero

Ballads- song- like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy or romance

Free Verse Poetry- defined by its lack of strict structure

Limericks- humorous five-line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern and and aabba rhyme scheme

Concrete Poem- the words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topics or ideas in the poem

Haikus- short, unrhymed poems, oftn about nature