The Bath of Diocletian

The Baths of Diocletian

  • The Baths of Diocletian was built between the years of 298 AD and 306 AD
    • It was built by Maxentius, under the rule of the emperor Constantius (Constantine’s father)
    • The reason for the construction of this bath was in honor of a previous emperor, Diocletian
  • Materials used include marble, mosaics (made out of stone), concrete, and egyptian granite
  • Special architectural features include:
    • The exterior was made of white stucco, it looked like white marble
    • The interior was lavishly decorated with marble, and mosaics on the walls
    • When all of the vaults connected in this bath house, there was a large dome in the center
    • Statues decorated the house on the inside, the mosaic on the walls, and the colorful stone that is laid in decorative patterns on the ground

  • The Purpose of this bathhouse was to honor Diocletian
  • This house was, in simple terms, a bathhouse; it included things such as:
    • A bath/sauna
    • Pools
    • Gardens
    • Gymnasiums
    • Shops
    • And even a library
  • The bathhouse added to Rome in many ways:
    • The architecture is stunning, especially on the inside, this added value
    • In the shops section of this bathhouse, money was made, this was a boost to the Roman economy
    • And now, even so many years later, it has added to Rome a great deal, in the sense that it is a great part of Rome's history

  • Significance to roman culture
    • When people used the bathhouses, they often came to bathe, and shop, and maybe even go to the gymnasium as well, this bathhouse was were you could come to run your errands and have everything be in the same place; that is how this bathhouse affected people socially
    • The bathhouse affected people economically, mainly because of the money that was made in the shops

  • Influences of modern buildings
    • Today, the Baths of Diocletian is located in Rome, Italy
      • Or more specifically, in a place called Viale Enrico De Nicola
    • The Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History building in Washington D.C. Was partially based on design elements from the Baths of Diocletian
      • An example of this would be the semi-circular windows
The pictures:1) The first picture is the inside of the bath house, if you look at the ceiling, you can see that the many vaults that are connected in the center turn into a dome.2) This is a close up of the vaults. This is done to keep the structure more stable.3) This is the dome of the bath house. It looks the way that it does, with indents in the ceiling, to make it lighter so that it wouldn't cave in. The oculus is shown in this picture as well.4) The last picture is the entrance of the Smithsonians National Meusam of Natural History. Many of its design ideas were taken from the Bath of Diocletian. Like the semi-circular windows.

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