SSCER

Democracy: Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives

ex: USA

Direct Democracy: All citizens participate in government. All citizens can create public policy if they want to.

ex: Switzerland

representative democracy: People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens. Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government.

ex: UK

Autocracy: A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

ex: north korea

monarch: Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

ex: Spain

absolute monarch: monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people

ex: Saudi Arabia

constitutional monarch: a king or queen acts as Head of State.

ex: Norway

Dictatorship: In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)

ex: Belarus

Theocracy: priests rule in the name of God or a god.

ex: iran

Oligarchy: a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.

ex: Russia

Anarchy: a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority.

ex: iceland

Communism: a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs

ex: Mongolia