form of problem solving, often applied to repair failed products or processes

9 technological ages

prototype and mock-up

prototype: a first, typical or preliminary model of something, especially a machine, from which other forms are developed or copied.

mock-up: a model or replica of a machine or structure, used for instructional or experimental purposes.

core tech

term used to describe the key technology components used in a product.


a self-contained system within a larger system. ex: computer.

research and development

general term for an activities related to the enterprise of corporate or governmental innovation. EX: testing out the next shoe to see how it ca make it better.

batch process of manufacturing

technique used in manufacturing, in which the object in question is created stage by stage over a series of workstations, and different batches of products are made. EX: furniture, food


open system

system that has external interactions

EX: open door

closed system

physical system which doesn't exchange any matter with its surroundings, and isn't subject to any force whose source is external to the system.

EX: cooler, closed door

Comment Stream