by: Ivan Barrios

Brief History:

The earliest inhabitants of Argentina were nomadic indigenous people. The first European known to arrive in the region was Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci, in 1502. In 1516 the quest for a southwest passage to the Orient brought Spaniard Juan Diaz de Solis to Argentina. He became the first European to set foot on Argentinian soils. Buenos Aires was founded in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza, but later was left due to the attacks from indigenous tribes. Other settlers came in from the west over the Andes and founded several cities in rout to the eastern coast, resettling Buenos Aires, under Juan de Garay in 1580, which is now the capital of Argentina.  

"Amerigo Vespucci lands in the Americas." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CL


The Argentine education system consists of nine years of primary school and three years of secondary school. In addition, the last year of pre-primary school at nursery schools (jardins de enfante) has been made mandatory, thus making school required starting at the age of five. Mandatory Education

10 years, from ages 5 to 15.

Average Years Spent in School for Current Students


Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous. Spanish is the official language of Argentina, however some people speak English. German, French, and Italian are also widely spoken, as are several indigenous languages. Argentine Spanish also contains many distinct phrases and terms not used in other Spanish-speaking countries.

Climate Region:

Argentina is a mostly temperate climate region. It is arid in the southeast, and subantartic in the southwest. People that live in the northern part of Argentina don't have a big issue with climate because it  is characterized by mild temperatures. But, for those few in the south of Argentina where the temperature are arid and subantartic climates are, it hard because there is very little rain fall and it is really cold. That is why not many cities are located south in Argentina.

"Iguazu Falls." Photos/Illustrations. Rick Martz. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

Work Cited

"Argentina: History." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.  

"Argentine History." Argentine History. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.

"Argentina." Climate Information for. 6 May 2004. Web. 4 Nov. 2014. <>.

"Argentina Languages." Languages in Argentina. Official Language in Argentina.Web.4Nov.2014.     <>.

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