Tropical Savanna

by Kourtney Goode, Naomi Avritt, Landon Haygood, and Atticus Higgs

This biome is a beautiful place to visit it has a beautiful landscape and many different kinds of wildlife.

Atractions

Some activities at the savannah is to explore wildlife,try rafting, you can go hiking, also there is the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. There are a bunch of parks and zoos in the savanna too. Some national parks you can go to is the Kruger National Park, the Kruger National Park, and the Hawange National.

Climate

You would need to wear shorts, short sleeve shirts. The Savanna biome has a wet/dry climate. The savanna biome receives about 59 inches of rain. Yo might want to bring a poncho. Majority of this occurs during the wet season. The savanna gets cold at night so u would need to wear pants and long sleeve shirts.

Animal Facts

Plants

Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire.

Bermuda Grass

The baobab tree has adapted to the savanna biome by only producing leaves during the wet season. When leaves do grow, they are in tiny finger-like clusters. The small size of the leaves helps limit water loss. Another adaptation that enables the baobab tree to survive the long months of drought is its ability to store water in its large trunk.

Baobab Tree

The acacia tree can survive drought conditions because it has developed long tap roots that can reach deep, ground water sources. It is also fire resistant. Some varieties resprout from the root crown when the above ground portion of the tree is damaged by fire. Fire is not the only hazard faced by the acacia tree.

The acacia tree has developed very useful physical and behavioral adaptations to discourage animals from eating its leaves. It developed long, sharp thorns and a symbiotic relationship with stinging ants. The ants live in acacia thorns they have hollowed out, and they feed on the nectar produced by the tree. When an animal takes a bite of leaves (and thorns), it also gets a mouthful of angry, stinging ants. The ants defend their homes from other insects as well, thus protecting the acacia tree.

Giraffes graze on the tops of the acacia, which results in the dome-shaped top characteristic of acadia trees. A behavioral adaptation aimed at preventing giraffe grazing is a chemical defense system that is triggered when the giraffe begins to munch on the leaves. First, a poisonous alkaloid that tastes nasty is pumped into the leaves. The giraffe only gets a couple of mouthfuls of leaves before the remaining leaves become inedible. Then, the tree warns other acacia trees in the area by emitting a chemical into the air. The other acacia trees respond by pumping alkaloid into their leaves.

Acacia Tree

The Eucalyptus cinerea grows to an average of 20 to 30 feet tall. Young leaves are round, grey-green, and about 1 inch in diameter and grow opposite each other on the stem. They become longer, more oval shaped with pointed ends as they get older. The flowers are a creamy white and grow in 1 inch clusters. The bark is reddish-brown and fibrous. The Eucalyptus must grow in sunny, dry climates because it does not tolerate cold weather. Eucalyptus trees are found commonly in the plains and savannas of Australia.

Eucalyptus

The Combretum erythrophyllum, or river bushwillow, is a member of the Combretaceae family. This family comprises 20 genus and 500 species, tropical and warm, especially African trees and shrubs. Other names for the river bushwillow include vaderlandswilg and hiccup nut. The reason for the name "hiccup nut" is because the seed, if eaten, will cause violent hiccups.

River Bush willow

The Jackalberry tree is found throughout Africa, from Senegal and the Sudan to Mamibia and the northern Transvaal. It is most commonly found on savannas or savanna woodlands where it can be found growing on termite mounds. In heavy soils the termite mounds provide the tree with aerated soil, and a source of moisture. The roots provide protection for the termites, who don't eat the living wood. Jackalberry wood is almost termite-resistant after it has been cut down.

Jackal berry Treep

The biennial red and green kangaroo paw is the floral emblem of Western Australia. What really catches the eye is the plants green unscented flowers that can grow up to 10 centimeters long. The green furry flowers are attached to the sturdy red stem. The sturdy stem makes a perfect perch for many birds, and can grow to a meter high. Honey eaters or wattle birds, the pollinators of the plant, are often seen perched drinking the plant's nectar. The stem is attached to the green flattened basal leaves.The leaves of the plant are usually about 30 to 60 centimeters long. The kangaroo paw was given it's name because of the plants bright red ovary and its paw shaped flowers.

Kangaroo Paw