Men in the West

a webpage by Lily Knight

History, 3rd Period, 12/12

Top Ten

Andrew Jackson defends New Orleans in the War of 1812.

#10- Manifest Destiny: Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States should expand from sea to shining sea. Americans believed that they had a special purpose, and wanted the country to be an example of freedom and equality.

#9- War of 1812: The War of 1812 ended in stalemate which means that no one won. It led to peace between America and England for a long time. This peace was called the Era of Good Feelings. America felt proud of themselves and the country.

#8- Andrew Jackson and The Indian Removal Act: Andrew Jackson pushed congress to pass the Indian Removal Act which would move Native Americans to the west in the new territory.

#7- The XYZ Affair and the Alien and Sedition Acts: The United States and France were having disagreements and the U.S. wanted to fix the problems peacefully and diplomatically. The french delegates wanted a bribe before negotiation. This offended American delegates. John Adams referred to the three french men as X, Y, and Z.

#6- Thomas Jefferson: He believed in reducing the size and power of government. He thought that people should be self reliant. He believed that everyone should be educated for democracy, and that they should know how to work properly. His presidency was based on the idea that people should do as they choose.

#5- Lewis and Clark's expedition: Thomas Jefferson hired Lewis and Clark to explore the new Louisiana Territory. They left in 1804, and kept a journal of everything they saw on the expedition. They met a native american woman named Sacagawea, and she served as their guide.

#4- Industrial revolution: The Industrial Revolution changed the way people lived from 1760 to 1840. Many inventions were created that started to do people's jobs for them. It changed most people's lives in a positive way. It included the cotton gin, steam engine, telegraph, and the sewing machine.

#3- George Washington: George Washington was the first president of the United States, and he impacted the future of our country. He believed that the U.S. should stay neutral during the war between England an France. The fact that Americans listened, and stayed neutral proves that Washington had made a huge impact on the United States.

#2- Mexican-American War: Mexicans started to settle in California and New Mexico. President Polk did not like this, and said that those places belonged to the United States. Mexico got angry and refused to give the U.S. the land. President Polk decided to provoke Mexico in to an attack. America won and gained California and New Mexico.

#1- California Gold Rush: Gold was discovered in California in the year of 1848. This caused many people from different places to emigrate to the state in search of gold. Most of these people had no experience with mining and were willing to die looking for the gold. They were called forty-niners.

Timeline

1610: Santa Fe- Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico. It provided a trail that was used as an invasion during the Mexican-American war. America also used the trail in Santa Fe to expand the country. Santa Fe was a very important place during this time period.

1789: George Washington- George Washington was the first president of the United States, and he impacted the future of our country. He believed that the U.S. should stay neutral during the war between England an France. The fact that Americans listened, and stayed neutral proves that Washington had made a huge impact on the United States.

1803: Louisiana Purchase- Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory. It is now the state of Louisiana in the U.S.. This was a great victory for the country and it helped to prevent having a war with France.

1804: Lewis and Clark- Thomas Jefferson hired Lewis and Clark to explore the new Louisiana Territory. Throughout the journey, they wrote things down in a journal that they saw. They met a native american woman named Sacagawea, and she served as their guide.

1811: The Oregon Trail- The Oregon trail is a wagon wheel route. It connects the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. People traveling on the California Trail, and Mormon Trail had to pass through the Oregon trail to get where they were going.

1816: James Monroe- James Monroe was the fifth president of the United States. He was one of the founding fathers of our country, and he established the Monroe Doctrine. This had a big impact on the country, and changed the way that our government worked.

1820: The Missouri Compromise- The Missouri Compromise helped to control slavery in the western part of the United States. Henry Clay established it, and it eventually became a law in the Louisiana Territory. It was a huge stepping stone during the time of slavery, and helped a lot of people.

1823: Monroe Doctrine- The Monroe Doctrine basically states that the United States will not interfere with foreign countries, and foreign countries will not get interfere with the United States. The Doctrine was a dramatic change in the foreign policy, and reduced conflicts with other countries.

1830: Trail of Tears- The Trail of Tears is when thousands of Cherokees were forced to move to the new territory in Oklahoma. They call it the Trail of Tears because they say that many of people were crying during they're journey. It was a very sad time for Native Americans.

1846: The Mormon Trail- The Mormon Trail was a route for Mormon people seeking religious freedom. After the founder of Mormonism (Joseph Smith) died, Mormons wanted to be free to believe what they wanted to believe. He was put to death because people thought that he was crazy. Mormons did not want this to happen to them so they fled to Utah where they could have religious freedom.

Lewis and Clark on the expedition in 1804.

Andrew Jackson Biography

    Andrew Jackson was our 17th president. He was elected with a popular vote because he was described as the common man. He nada very aggressive side which helped America in a lot of ways. It helped by gaining america land, repaying debts, relationships with foreign countries were strengthened, and it began democracy. Jackson was a general in the War of 1812. Americans looked at him as a national hero when he defeated the British at the battle of New Orleans. He was the president that enforced the Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act forced native americans to move west in to the new territory. This led to the Trail of Tears. This event was one of the only things that Jackson did wrong during his presidency. A lot of people did not agree with his decision to force the people out of their homes and move them across the country. Native American's had established their own culture, language, alphabet, and they had their own community. Although Jackson did make some mistakes throughout his presidency, he was one of the best presidents and really changed our country in a positive way.

New invention that will change the cotton industry forever! (May 2, 1794)

     Inventor, Eli Whitney, has created something that will truly change the cotton   industry in a drastic way. They call it the cotton gin. The cotton gin is a machine that can separate cotton from their seeds very quickly and easily. It provides much more productivity than separating it by hand. How it works is actually quite simple. All you have to do is put the cotton in to the top of the machine, and then turn the handle. Doing this allows the cotton to turn through the wire teeth which comb out the seeds. Lastly, all you have to do is pull the cotton out of the wire teeth and out of the cotton gin. This could potentially be the start of something big that could change the way that people live their lives.

Obituary

    Thomas Jefferson  lived from April 13th, 1743 to July 4th, 1826. Jefferson married a woman named Martha Skelton. She was his 3rd cousin. During their marriage, Martha had six children. Only two of the children survived to adulthood. Jefferson was very distressed when Martha died after giving birth to their last child. Even though his wife died, he still managed to achieve so much in the following years. He was the third president of the United States after John Adams. Many people rate him as one of the greatest presidents that the U.S. has ever had. This was only one of his many accomplishments. He was also the author of the Declaration of Independence, and the founder of The University of Virginia.

Poppy Seed Cake

4 eggs

2 cups sugar

Cream the eggs and sugar together. Add poppy seeds.

1 1/4 cup poppy seeds or 10 oz.

1 1/2 cup oil

Mix together until oil is incorporated into mixture.

Add ½ cup chopped pecans or filberts.

2 cups flour

½ tsp baking soda

Place flour mixture in a separate bowl.

Alternate flour mixture with one can evaporated milk, or for a richer cake use 1 can sweetened condensed milk.

Pour into a greased 10 inch cheese cake pan or 2 loaf pans. Bake at 350 for about 1hour 10 min. for the 10 inch pan and about 50 mins for the 2 loaf pans.

Sprinkle with icing sugar when cool.

By the Numbers


  • John Adams won the election vs Thomas Jefferson with a score of 71-68.
  • France sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States for 15 million dollars.
  • It took 6 months for the Treaty of Ghent to reach the United States.
  • William Henry Harrison died 32 days after he was elected President.
  • The 12th Amendment says that the House of Representatives can choose the President and Vice President.
  • 17,000 Cherokee people were forced to move from Georgia to the new territory in Oklahoma during the Trail of Tears.
  • Stephen Austin got permission from Mexico to create a new colony with 300 other families.
  • America had only 180 soldiers, and Santa Ana had thousands.
  • Mexico had too many soldiers against Texas and the Alamo fell after 12 days of fighting.
  • 12,000 pilgrims traveled on the Mormon Trail to Utah is search of religious freedom.

Map of the Santa Fe Trail

    The Santa Fe Trail was a transportation route that ran through North America. It went through Franklin, Missouri with Santa Fe, and New Mexico. The trail was used as an invasion for New Mexico during the Mexico-American war. After the war was over, the trail opened up the region to the U.S.. This had a great impact on expansion of America.  Without the Santa Fe Trail, America would not be the same. Even though the trail provided a lot of benefits, many people did have issues traveling along the trail. It was 900 miles of desert, and mountains. The climate varied from very hot summers to extremely cold winters. This shows what countries would do just do get what they needed or wanted. America was very determined, and we succeeded in expanding our country.

Works Cited

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