El Salvador

Around the country and back.
Chloe Stottlemyre

About the country

Population 2014 - 6,340,454 people

Currency - US dollars

Capital city - San Salvador

Neighboring countries - Guatemala, Honduras  

Climate - A tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change.

Geography - Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. It is the smallest of the Central American countries, with an area equal to that of Massachusetts, and it is the only one without an Atlantic coastline.

(Violence is common research before you plan your trip!)


Official language - Spanish

Expressions -

  • bayunco – Immature, foolish
  • bolo(a) – drunk
  • cabal – exactly, true, certainly
  • chele – usually used to describe a blond or Caucasian person, derived from Leche (milk)
  • ¡que chivo! – awesome! How cool!

Salvadoran Spanish is geographically defined as the form of Spanish spoken in the country of El Salvador. The Spanish dialect in El Salvador shares many similarities to that of its neighbors in the region, but it has its stark differences in pronunciation and usage.

El Salvador, like most of Central America, uses voseo Spanish as its written and spoken form, similar to that of Argentina.

Famous Places

La Libertad

La Libertad (Liberty) is a municipality in the La Libertad department of El Salvador. It had a population of 35,997 inhabitants in 2007 according to the official census of that year. It is one of the main tourist attractions in the country.

San Salvador - The capital of the country

Apaneca -  a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador. It has an area of 45.13 kilometers. Its population is of 8,597 inhabitants.

Lake Ilopango - A crater lake which fills a scenic 8x11 km volcanic caldera in central El Salvador.

Lake Ilopango


Foods -

El Salvador is known for different types of tamales.

Soups and salads are popular among Salvadorans of every social level.

most notable dish is the pupusa, a thick handmade corn flour or rice flour tortilla stuffed with cheese.

Drinks -

Café (coffee).

Refrescos (natural fruit drinks).

Kolachampan (sugar-cane flavoured soft drink).

Tic tac and torito (strong alcoholic beverages made from distilled sugar cane).

Beer is a very large part of celebrations in El Salvador.

El Salvador celebrations!

This includes the many celebrations of these kids birthday parties. To show how they celebrate.

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