Wildlife Conservation

Kianna Forbes, Theresa Lin

Wildlife Conservation

Conservation is the wise use of natural resources, without wasting theme. Preservation is saving natural resources but with no consumptive use of them.

Wildlife management is the science and practice of maintaining wildlife population and their habitats

Lessons in Wildlife Management

In the 1900s, hunting was banned and predators were destroyed, because wildlife management in the United States was skewed towards protection. The result was severe overpopulation, habitat destruction, and mass starvation which is why wildlife management is important.

The North American Model of Wildlife Conser

The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation is a set of guiding principles for managing wildlife resources. There are seven principles.

  1. Wildlife is public property.
  2. Wildlife cannot be slaughtered for commercial use.
  3. Wildlife is allocated by law.
  4. Wildlife shall be taken by legal and ethical means and with a good cause.
  5. Wildlife is an international resource.
  6. Wildlife management, use, and conservation shall be based on sound scientific knowledge, and principles.
  7. Hunting, fishing, trapping shall be democratic.

Habitat Management

Food and water are necessary to all wildlife.

Cover protects animals from predators while they feed, breed, roost, nest, and travel.

Space is necessary for adequate food among wildlife.

Edge effect refers to the consequence of placing two contrasting ecosystems adjacent to another.

The ideal arrangement places food, water, cover, and space in a small area.

Balancing Act- Habitats must be in balance in order to support wildlife.

Carrying Capacity

Carrying capacity is the number of animals the habitat can support all year long.

Factors that limit the potential production of wildlife include:

  • Diseases/Parasites
  • Starvation
  • Predators
  • Pollution
  • Accidents
  • Old age
  • Hunting

The Hunter's Role in Wildlife Conservation

Hunters help sustain game by:

  • Filling out questionnaires
  • Participating in surveys
  • Stopping at hunter check stations
  • Providing samples for harvested animals
  • Helping fund wildlife management through licensed fees

Wildlife Management Practices

  • Monitoring Wildlife Populations
  • Habitat Improvement
  • Hunting Regulations
  • Hunting
  • Predator Control
  • Artificial Stocking
  • Controlling or Preventing Disease and Its Spread
  • Management Funds/Programs

Wildlife Identifitcation

Developing wildlife identification skills is a basic requirement for hunters. Mistakes in identification can lead to illegal harvest of game or non-game animals.

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