Overview: South Sudan a a very new country gainings its independence from Sudan in 2011 has been plagued with politcal scandal and unrest. The civil war within South Sudan began after accusations of treason by the president Salva Kiir towards his cabinet members and vice president Riek Machar. Politcal animosity combined with ethnic diversity proved to be a catalyst in 2013 when groups loyal to Salva Kiir a member of the ethnic group Dinka and Vice president Riek Manchar a part of the Nuer ethnic group exploded into conflict. This intense power struggle continues day as thousands are killed in the wake of civil war.
Vice President Riek Manchar with President Salva Kiir
Opponents: The civil war for politcal domination is being fought between the government forces and the Dinka ethnic group associated with President Kiir against rebel groups and the Neur ethnic group associated with Vice President Manchar.
Who is Involved? Organizations such as The United Nations and UNICEF have tried to start peace talks between the two feuding politcal parties. The United Nations and UNICEF have succesfully arranged for the release of 3,000 child survivors within the government forces and rebel groups.
Conflict: Most conflict is being waged city to city however guerilla warfare tatics are also used. Mass killings and search and seizures on both sides of the Dinka and Neur ethnic group have occured.
Cause: Due to politcal differences, economic struggle, animosity, ideological differences and ethnic discrimination the South Sudanese Civil War was able to erupt
Preparing for battle
Peaceful Solution?: Trying to seek a peaceful solution to the conflict, Jeffrey Gettleman's article (above) shows that "[i]nternational mediators have tried repeatedly to broker a peace agreement. They have suggested forming a power-sharing government between South Sudan’s current leaders, who are dominated by Dinka politicians, and the Nuer commanders who staged an insurrection." Despite numerous of peace talks and negottains they have all ended in failure as the two opposing groups are plagued with distrust and hatred as the civil war rolls on. International mediators must become involved within the country and possibly provide aid and economic help if the two opposing groups agreed to peace. Another possible solution to the problem could be a secession of the two groups within South Sudan forming two new countries. Lastly another situation as displayed in the quote above could be the formation of a parliamentry government where both ethnic groups are represented equally woth no hifher presidential power.
Map of South
Is this a Just War? I. Just Cause- No right of self- defense being used II. Legitimate Authority- The countries two main politcal parties are at civil war therefore no legitmate authority has sanctioned it III. Right Intention-The war is not being pursued for a just cause it is being fought for politcal expansion and domination IV. Last Resort- There have been negotations for peace but all ultimately end up in failure V. Probability of Success- Due to numerous reoccurences of conflict within South Sudan there is little possibility of this war being final conflict VI. Comparitive Justice- The rights and vakues do not justify the killings VII. Noncombatant Immunity- Numerous of innocent civilians are being murdered within the civil war VIII. Proportionality- No foreseable good from military action could outweigh any possible damage from the civil war
Works Cited Gettleman, Jeffrey. "First of 3,000 Child Soldiers Are Released in South Sudan." The New York Times. The New York Times, 27 Jan. 2015. Web. 01 May 2015. "Conflicts in South Sudan." Conflicts in South Sudan. EnoughProject, n.d. Web. 05 May 2015.