Mexico vs US and Canada

19th Century:

Suspension of the 1824 Constitution led to civil war throughout the country and 3 governments declared for independence- Republic of Texas, Republic of Rio Grande, and the Republic of Yucatan

After Texas was annexed, a border dispute led to the Mexican-American war (1846).

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo settled the matter but forced Mexico to give up half of its land to the US.


In the form of division, rebellion, caudillo rule, and civil war, instability and conflict plagued Latin America throughout the 19th century. Many Latin American countries, such as Mexico, lacked education, profitable employment, and political representation.


2 principle influences shaped economic development throughout the Americas- mass migration and British investment.

The US and Canada absorbed waves of migrants, exploited British capital, built industrial societies, and established economic independence.

Why is Mexico still so poor?

- the fragmented states of Latin America were unable to follow suit as they struggled with legacies of colonialism, slavery, and economic dependence on single export crops

- US began industrialization in 19th century while Mexico was still feudal in the 20th century

- land gained from Mexico gave opportunity for US to mining, industry, agriculture, tourism, science, etc.

- corruption because of inequality: poor try to steal from the rich, thus leading to crime

- abundant natural resources in Canada

- US and Canada were colonized around the same time, by the same people, leading to similar development patterns

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