Comparative and superlative adjectives
-We use -ER for the comparative of short adjectives and adverbs:
-We prefer -ER with some two syllable adjectives, especially adjectives ending in -Y. For example: Lucky-Luckier Funny-Funnier Easy-Easier
-We use more...(not -er) for other two-syllable adjectives and longer adjectives:
-We also use more... for adverbs which end in -ly:
-Before the comparative of adjectives and adverbs you can use:
a bit, a little, much, a lot, far (= a lot)
-Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative forms:
good well better
bad badly worse
far further furthest
Old and Elder
The comparative of old is older:
We use elder when we are talking about members of a family. We say (my) elder brother/sister/son/daughter.
We use elder only before a noun.
- Sometimes you can use two comparatives together, this construction can be used with adjectives or adverbs to refer to a trend. For example: harder and harder, more and more, and more difficult. We use this structure to say that something is changing continuously:
It’s becoming harder and harder to find a job.
-This construction can be used with adjectives or adverbs to make comparisons between two things or people:
I’m as tall as my brother.
-In negative sentences so can be used instead of the first as:
Cats aren’t so friendly as dogs.
-We also say twice as.. as, three times as...as, etc.
Their house is about three times as big as ours.
-We say the same as (not ‘the same like’):
Ann’s salary is the same as mine.
-After than and as it is more usual to say me/him/her/them/us when there is no verb.
You are taller than I am. You are taller than me.
-We use -EST or MOST... to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs. In general we use:
-EST for shorter words and MOST... for longer words. (The rules are the same as those for the comparative).
Long - Longest
Hot - Hottest
Easy - Easiest
Good - Best
Bad - Worst
Oldest and eldest
The superlative of old is oldest. We use eldest when we are talking about the members of a family.
-After superlatives, we use In with places:
What’s the longest river in the world?
-We sometimes use Most + adjective (without ‘the’) to mean very:
The book you lent me was most interesting. (= very interesting).
Thank you for the money it was most generous of you (= very generous).
Comparative and superlative adjectives in context
a) More/ -er + than:
I’m taller than my brother.
b) The most / -est:
I’m the tallest student in the class.
c) Less + than / the least:
That film was less interesting than the last one I saw.
Ways of qualifying comparative adjectives:
1- Use these words and phrases to refer to big differences:
Cars are a lot faster and much more comfortable than bicycles.
2- Use these words and phrases to refer to small differences:
a little slightly
The weather’s a bit hotter than it was yesterday.