God is trying to test us
God is trying to make us stronger through lessons.
Suffering could be part of God's plan
God is kind and merciful and he wouldn't make us suffer
Some suffering is so great that it doesn't make sense for it to be a punishment from God
If suffering is from God, it's not meant as a punishment but to make us stronger.
This is primarily to defend God and transform bad into good, but it doesn't explain suffering (Kushner 27).
Pessimistic view of God because it portrays him as an all-powerful and ruthless leader as opposed to someonethat is kind and forgiving.
Worldview: people may act out of fear instead of reverence because they are afraid of God.
Is all suffering meaningful/beneficial for people?