Skin Disease, Period 3, Mrs. Crawford
The most widely held belief was that the disease was transmitted by contact between cases of leprosy and healthy persons. More recently the possibility of transmission by the respiratory route.
Leprosy is caused by a slow-growing type of bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae
The average time of continuous exposure before infection is estimated to be about 10 years. Casual and short-term contact do not seem to spread the disease.
Armadillos have also been recently proven to be a tranmitter of leprocy.
Symptoms of leprosy are: Skin lesions that are lighter than your normal skin color Lesions have decreased sensation to touch, heat, or pain Lesions do not heal after several weeks to months Muscle weakness Numbness or lack of feeling in the hands, arms, feet, and legs.
Lepromin skin test can be used to tell the two different forms of leprosy apart, but it is not used to diagnose the disease Skin lesion biopsy Skin scraping examination
You can treat leprocy with a number of different antibiotics (including dapsone, rifampin, clofazamine, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, and minocycline) are used to kill the bacteria that cause the disease. More than one antibiotic is often given together.
Effectiveness of the Treatment depends on the type of leprosy that you have. Antibiotics are used to treat the infection. Long-term treatment with two or more antibiotics is recommended, usually from six months to a year. People with severe leprosy may need to take antibiotics longer. Antibiotics cannot treat the nerve damage.